You have reached the United States portal for Human Kinetics, if you wish to continue press here, else please proceed to the HK site for your region by selecting here.


Please note if you purchase from the HK-USA site, currencies are converted at current exchange rates and you may incur higher international shipping rates.

Human Kinetics Logo

Purchase Digital Products

If you are looking to purchase an eBook, online video, or online courses please press continue

Booktopia Logo

Purchase Print Products

Human Kinetics print books are now distributed by Booktopia Publisher Services throughout Australia/NZ, delivered to you from their NSW warehouse. Please visit Booktopia to order your Human Kinetics print books.

Human Kinetics Logo

Purchase Courses or Access Digital Products

If you are looking to purchase online videos, online courses or to access previously purchased digital products please press continue.


Mare Nostrum Logo

Purchase Print Products or eBooks

Human Kinetics print books and eBooks are now distributed by Mare Nostrum, throughout the UK, Europe, Africa and Middle East, delivered to you from their warehouse. Please visit our new UK website to purchase Human Kinetics printed or eBooks.

Feedback IconFeedback

Learn the formative assessment of sport strategy

This is an excerpt from Meeting Physical Education Standards Through Meaningful Assessment With Web Resource by Greg Bert & Lisa Summers.

Formative Assessment of Sport Strategy

How do you explain how to play offense and defense? Students don't magically walk into class understanding the tactics and strategies of the sports we play; it is our job to teach and assess these. To start, we like to ask our students what they know about offensive and defensive strategies by brainstorming a list (see form 4.17). We find it is best to use a T-chart (both before and after we have taught these strategies). Few of our students have cognitive comprehension of what to do to maintain or get possession or what to do when they lose possession. Let's put it this way—their before list is short and often blank. Take a look at form 4.27 to get an idea of strategies that are common among all sports. This is a good starting point. After we have explained these strategies and asked students to apply them in sport, we then complete form 4.17 with the offensive and defensive strategies that they understand and can apply.


Also, you can give students a strategy and have them choose whether it is an offensive strategy, defensive strategy, or both. Our next assessment (form 4.18) checks just that. We give seven examples and students determine which strategy they fall under.


We have found that most physical educators do not teach these strategies and are often frustrated when a team or individual players dominate activities. Power standard 1 supports helping students to develop their technical skills and their tactical understanding of sport and games.

Learn more about Meeting Physical Education Standards Through Meaningful Assessment.