You have reached the United States portal for Human Kinetics, if you wish to continue press here, else please proceed to the HK site for your region by selecting here.


Please note if you purchase from the HK-USA site, currencies are converted at current exchange rates and you may incur higher international shipping rates.

Purchase Digital Products

If you are looking to purchase an eBook, online video, or online courses please press continue

Purchase Print Products

Human Kinetics print books are now distributed by Footprint Books throughout Australia/NZ, delivered to you from their NSW warehouse. Please visit Footprint Books to order your Human Kinetics print books.

Example of scapular stabilization progressions

This is an excerpt from Effective Functional Progressions in Sport Rehabilitation by Todd S. Ellenbecker,Mark S. De Carlo & Carl DeRosa.

These exercises provide a training stimulus for the important trapezius–serratus anterior force couple components and provide dynamic stabilization of the scapula. These exercises help provide the proximal platform of strength for the upper extremity and are the first stage in the scapular progression series.

External Rotation With Retraction

Progression Name: Scapular Stabilization Progression I

Stage: 1

Starting position: Stand with your arms in front of your body, elbows flexed 90° and a piece of elastic band or tubing placed across the hands in the palm-up position. Shoulders are in neutral rotation such that the hands are directly in front of you.

Exercise action: With light tension in the band, externally rotate both shoulders by moving the hands apart about 3 to 6 inches (8 to 15 cm) against the resistance of the band. While holding this position, maximally retract and depress (squeeze shoulder blades together and downward), holding this end position for 1 to 2 seconds. Return to the starting position by relaxing the shoulder blades and moving the hands back toward each other.

Primary muscle groups: Scapular stabilizers, rotator cuff

Indications: Excellent exercise to recruit the lower trapezius with little activation of the upper trapezius

Contraindications: Shoulder pain

Pearls of performance: Ensuring that the patient maximally retracts the scapulae is an important guide in this exercise. Giving feedback by palpating the scapular medial border is recommended during skill acquisition of this exercise.

Learn more about Effective Functional Progressions in Sport Rehabilitation.