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Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science 4th Edition PDF

Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science 4th Edition PDF

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    Students trained in traditional exercise physiology have learned the basic concepts of energy but often don’t fully understand human energy consumption at the molecular level. Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science, Fourth Edition, provides an introduction to biochemistry that will give readers greater insight into the molecular aspects of human physical activity.

    Reflecting the rapid development of the field, this classic text continues to present the essentials of biochemistry—molecular biology, basic chemistry, metabolism, and transcription regulation—in an easy-to-understand format. The fourth edition features the most recent research in exercise biochemistry plus new and revised content, including the following:

    • All-new coverage of the control of biochemistry and biochemical and muscular adaptations to exercise and training via signaling pathways, an area of study that has received much attention in recent years

    • Added information on the regulation of gene expression, which highlights the need for students to comprehend the basics of molecular biology

    • Next Stage sections in each chapter, which lead students toward emerging areas of knowledge in the field by examining new or controversial areas of research

    • An integration of the chapters on DNA, RNA, and the regulation of protein synthesis to provide a more focused and effective presentation of these key concepts

    Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science, Fourth Edition, combines information from nutrition, physiology, and biochemistry to provide a clear explanation of the working of metabolism and the human body’s response to physical activity. Special elements throughout the text help to demystify this complex and dynamic field of study. Key points reinforce essential concepts and aid readers in relating them to sport and exercise. Chapter summaries outline important information to take away, and review questions with answers allow readers to test their knowledge of each chapter’s content. A comprehensive glossary and the list of abbreviations found on the inside front and back covers help readers become familiar with commonly used biochemistry terms, and a reference list provides a starting point for exploring areas of interest in more detail.

    With its combination of essential topics, new findings, and future directions in research, Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science, Fourth Edition, is a perfect resource for anyone looking to build an understanding of exercise biochemistry. Both students and professionals alike will find the information they need to begin their exploration of this fascinating field of study.

    Table of Contents

    Part I: Proteins and Enzymes: The Basis of Biochemistry

    Chapter 1: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

    Nature of Amino Acids

    Characteristics of Peptides

    Structure of Proteins

    Next Stage: Proteomics

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 2: Enzymes

    Enzymes as Catalysts

    Rates of Enzymatic Reactions

    Enzyme Cofactors

    Classification of Enzymes

    Protein Transporters

    Oxidations and Reductions

    Regulation of Enzyme Activity

    Measurement of Enzyme Activity

    Next Stage: Redox Regulation of the SERCA Pump in Vascular Physiology and Disease

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 3: Gene Transcription and Protein Synthesis

    DNA and RNA

    Transcription

    Posttranscriptional Modifications of RNA

    Translation

    Posttranslational Processing of Polypeptides

    Protein Degradation

    Regulation of Gene Expression in Exercise and Training

    Next Stage: MicroRNAs and the Adaptive Response to Exercise Training

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Part II: Metabolism: Regulation and Adaptation to Exercise and Training

    Chapter 4: Energy Systems and Bioenergetics

    Energy Requirements of Skeletal Muscle

    Energy-Rich Phosphates

    Energy Systems

    Bioenergetics

    Next Stage: Epigenetic Control of Skeletal Muscle Fiber Type and Metabolic Potential

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 5: Oxidative Phosphorylation

    Overview of Metabolism

    Mitochondria

    Citric Acid Cycle

    Electron Transport Chain

    Coupled Phosphorylation

    Regulation of Oxidative Phosphorylation

    Quantification of Redox Reactions

    Oxidants and Antioxidants

    Next Stage: Effects of Aging and Exercise Training on Muscle Mitochondria

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 6: Carbohydrate and Related Metabolism

    Carbohydrates

    Cellular Uptake of Glucose

    Phosphorylation of Glucose

    Glycolysis

    Glycogen Metabolism

    Lactate Metabolism

    Oxidation of Cytoplasmic NADH

    Gluconeogenesis

    Pentose Phosphate Pathway

    Signaling Pathways

    Next Stage: Carbohydrate, Exercise Performance, and Fatigue

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 7: Lipid Metabolism

    Types of Lipids

    Fat Storage and Metabolism

    Oxidation of Fatty Acids

    Oxidation of Ketone Bodies

    Synthesis of Fatty Acids

    Fat as Fuel for Exercise

    Metabolism During Exercise: Fat Versus Carbohydrate

    Adipose Tissue as an Endocrine Tissue

    Cholesterol

    Next Stage: Exercise, 24-Hour Fat Oxidation, and Weight Loss

    Summary

    Review Questions

    Chapter 8: Amino Acid and Protein Metabolism

    Overview of Amino Acid Metabolism

    Degradation of Amino Acids

    Urea Cycle

    Fate of Amino Acid Carbon Skeletons

    Amino Acid Metabolism During Exercise

    Additional Roles for Amino Acids

    Next Stage: Effects of Diet and Exercise on Protein Degradation and Synthesis

    Summary

    Review Questions

    About the Author

    Peter M. Tiidus, PhD, is a professor and former chair of the department of kinesiology and physical education at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. For more than 30 years, he has focused his research on the physiological mechanisms of and practical interventions in muscle damage and repair, employing both animal models and human subjects.

    Tiidus has authored more than 80 publications and presented his research in multiple lectures and conference presentations on estrogen and muscle damage, inflammation, and repair and the influence of treatment interventions on muscle recovery from damage and physiological responses. He currently serves as an editorial board member for Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. He is also a former member of the board of directors of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology.

    A. Russell Tupling, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of kinesiology at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada. His research program, which is funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, is dedicated to the understanding of the regulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in muscle and understanding how defects in the function of SR proteins that occur with oxidative stress contribute to fatigue, weakness, and disease. In 2009, he received an Early Research Award from the Government of Ontario to conduct research examining a potential link between Ca2+ pump energetics in muscle and metabolic disorders.

    Tupling has 49 peer-reviewed publications in scholarly journals and over 70 conference abstracts based on his research. In 2010, he won the Award of Excellence in Graduate Supervision, which was established by the University of Waterloo in recognition of exemplary faculty members who have demonstrated excellence in graduate student supervision. Tupling is a member of the American Physiological Society and the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP). He was invited to give the inaugural Mike Houston Tutorial Lecture in Skeletal Muscle at the CSEP conference in 2009.

    Michael E. Houston, PhD, received his undergraduate training in biochemistry from the University of Toronto and his PhD in biochemistry from the University of Waterloo. A superb athlete and lifelong exercise fanatic, he was able to integrate his training in biochemistry with his love of exercise sciences and to forge a career as a teacher and scientist in the field of kinesiology. For almost 40 years during his career, he authored more than 100 refereed publications and taught courses on the biochemistry of exercise to many undergraduate and graduate students. In 2003, he was presented with the Honour Award from the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology in acknowledgment of his lifetime contribution to research and education in exercise science.

    Houston was the author of the first three editions of Biochemistry Primer for Exercise Science. This fourth edition, which is built on his body of work, still incorporates a major portion of his third edition. Dr. Houston passed away in 2008.

    Reviews

    "This welcome update of the previous edition includes the most recent peer-reviewed literature that examines exercise science in conjunction with the basic sciences. The authors are well-respected scientists in the field and their expertise, in combination with the updated literature, results in a current and trusted information source for this area.”

    --Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)