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Structure & Function of the Musculoskeletal System 2nd Edition PDF

Author: James Watkins

$81.00 USD

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$81.00 USD

ISBN: 9781492574415

©2010

Page Count: 408

Access Duration: 10 Years

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Written by James Watkins, an authority on functional anatomy, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition,integrates anatomy and biomechanics to describe the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. This unique reference thoroughly explores the biomechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components and the response and adaptation of these components to the physical stress imposed by everyday activities. Following a systematic approach, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System describes

the basic composition and function of the musculoskeletal system; mechanical concepts and principles that underlie human movement; functional anatomy of the skeletal, connective tissue, articular, and neuromuscular systems; mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components; structural adaptation of musculoskeletal components; and the etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.

 

Also available as an e-book, the second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal Systemfeatures nearly 700 detailed, full-color illustrations showing key structures and biomechanical properties of the musculoskeletal system. Elementary biomechanical concepts are incorporated throughout the text, offering readers a more integrated understanding of how forces are created and relayed by the components of the musculoskeletal system.

 

The second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System also includes new information on the effects of aging on muscle function as well as a new appendix with illustrations of each muscle group and tables detailing the origin, insertion, and action of individual muscles. In addition, several new case studies illustrate the response and adaptation of the musculoskeletal system to exercise at various ages and in various situations. These case studies present current research and how the findings can be put to practical use in physical activity, competitive sport, rehabilitation, and activities of daily living.

 

Students new to anatomy or biomechanics will benefit from the book's reader-friendly structure featuring applied examples, summaries, review questions, references, an extensive subject index, and a glossary that runs parallel to the text. Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter identify the key topics, and interesting facts and key points are set off within highlight boxes throughout the text. Highlighted introductory figures assist readers in understanding content as they refer to a sequence of subsequent figures while reading the text. Plus, nearly all the images from the text are included in an image bank that is free to instructors who adopt the text.

 

Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition,offers readers a clear conception of how the components of the musculoskeletal system coordinate to produce movement and continuously adapt their structure to the strain of everyday physical activity as well as the effects of aging. Illustrated with full-color detail, this unique resource will assist both future and current professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by enhancing their understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system.

Preface

Acknowledgments

 

Part I. Functional Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System

 

Chapter 1.The musculoskeletal system

Unicellular and multicellular organisms

Cellular organization in multicellular organisms

Composition and Function of the Musculoskeletal System Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 2.The Skeleton

Terminology

Axial skeleton

Appendicular skeleton

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 3.Connective tissues

Functions of connective tissues

Ordinary connective tissues

Cartilage

Bone

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 4.The articular system

Structural classification of joints

Joint movements

Stability-flexibility classification of joints

Synovial joint classification

Flexibility, stability, and laxity in synovial joints

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 5.Joints of the axial skeleton

Joints between the vertebrae

Degeneration and damage in the vertebral column

Normal shape of the vertebral column

Abnormal curvature of the vertebral column

Joints of the pelvis

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 6.Joints of the appendicular skeleton

Joints and joint complexes

Shoulder complex

Elbow complex

Wrist complex

Hip joint

Knee complex

Rearfoot complex

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 7.The neuromuscular system

nervous system

Skeletal muscle structure

Muscle fiber structure and function

Kinesthetic sense and proprioception

Mechanical characteristics of musculotendinous units

Muscle architecture and function

Stretch-shorten cycle

Summary

Review questions

 

Part II. Musculoskeletal response and adaptation to loading

 

Chapter 8.Elementary biomechanics

Mechanics and biomechanics

Center of gravity

Stability

Center of pressure

Vector and scalar quantities

Moment of a force

Levers

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 9. Forces in muscles and joints

Selective recruitment of motor units to match functional requirements

Forces acting on the head in upright postures

moment of external forces versus the magnitude of internal forces

Forces about the hip joint in One-leg stance

Effect of squat and stoop postures on forces in the lumbar region

Swing and stabilization components of muscle force

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 10.Mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components

Stress - strain relationships in solids

Work, Strain Energy, and Kinetic Energy

Viscosity and viscoelasticity

Active and passive loading

Impact and Shock

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 11.Structural adaptation of the musculoskeletal system

Adaptation

Biopositive and bionegative effects of loading

Response and adaptation of musculoskeletal components to loading

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 12.Etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries

Kinetic chain

Compensatory movements

Risk factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Summary

Review questions

 

Appendix

References

Index

About the Author

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow.

 

Watkins’ main teaching and research specializations are musculoskeletal anatomy and the biomechanics of sport and exercise. He has authored over 80 publications, including three well-known textbooks (An Introduction to the Mechanics of Human Movement, 1983; this text, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System; and An Introduction to Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise, 2007).

 

Watkins is a fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), a fellow of the Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom (PEAUK), and an honorary member of the Association for Physical Education (afPE). He is an advisory board member of the Journal of Sports Sciences and a former chair of the Biomechanics Section of BASES.

 

In 1975 Watkins received his PhD in biomechanics from the University of Leeds in England. He resides in Swansea, where he enjoys walking, playing golf, and reading about the history of science.

 

All ancillaries are free to adopting instructors and available online.

Image bank. Features most of the nearly 700 illustrations from the text, sorted by chapter. The images can be used for developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements. A blank PowerPoint template is also provided, along with easy-to-follow instructions for quickly creating a presentation.

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James Watkins

Structure & Function of the Musculoskeletal System 2nd Edition PDF

$81.00 USD

Written by James Watkins, an authority on functional anatomy, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition,integrates anatomy and biomechanics to describe the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. This unique reference thoroughly explores the biomechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components and the response and adaptation of these components to the physical stress imposed by everyday activities. Following a systematic approach, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System describes

the basic composition and function of the musculoskeletal system; mechanical concepts and principles that underlie human movement; functional anatomy of the skeletal, connective tissue, articular, and neuromuscular systems; mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components; structural adaptation of musculoskeletal components; and the etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.

 

Also available as an e-book, the second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal Systemfeatures nearly 700 detailed, full-color illustrations showing key structures and biomechanical properties of the musculoskeletal system. Elementary biomechanical concepts are incorporated throughout the text, offering readers a more integrated understanding of how forces are created and relayed by the components of the musculoskeletal system.

 

The second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System also includes new information on the effects of aging on muscle function as well as a new appendix with illustrations of each muscle group and tables detailing the origin, insertion, and action of individual muscles. In addition, several new case studies illustrate the response and adaptation of the musculoskeletal system to exercise at various ages and in various situations. These case studies present current research and how the findings can be put to practical use in physical activity, competitive sport, rehabilitation, and activities of daily living.

 

Students new to anatomy or biomechanics will benefit from the book's reader-friendly structure featuring applied examples, summaries, review questions, references, an extensive subject index, and a glossary that runs parallel to the text. Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter identify the key topics, and interesting facts and key points are set off within highlight boxes throughout the text. Highlighted introductory figures assist readers in understanding content as they refer to a sequence of subsequent figures while reading the text. Plus, nearly all the images from the text are included in an image bank that is free to instructors who adopt the text.

 

Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition,offers readers a clear conception of how the components of the musculoskeletal system coordinate to produce movement and continuously adapt their structure to the strain of everyday physical activity as well as the effects of aging. Illustrated with full-color detail, this unique resource will assist both future and current professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by enhancing their understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system.

Preface

Acknowledgments

 

Part I. Functional Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System

 

Chapter 1.The musculoskeletal system

Unicellular and multicellular organisms

Cellular organization in multicellular organisms

Composition and Function of the Musculoskeletal System Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 2.The Skeleton

Terminology

Axial skeleton

Appendicular skeleton

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 3.Connective tissues

Functions of connective tissues

Ordinary connective tissues

Cartilage

Bone

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 4.The articular system

Structural classification of joints

Joint movements

Stability-flexibility classification of joints

Synovial joint classification

Flexibility, stability, and laxity in synovial joints

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 5.Joints of the axial skeleton

Joints between the vertebrae

Degeneration and damage in the vertebral column

Normal shape of the vertebral column

Abnormal curvature of the vertebral column

Joints of the pelvis

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 6.Joints of the appendicular skeleton

Joints and joint complexes

Shoulder complex

Elbow complex

Wrist complex

Hip joint

Knee complex

Rearfoot complex

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 7.The neuromuscular system

nervous system

Skeletal muscle structure

Muscle fiber structure and function

Kinesthetic sense and proprioception

Mechanical characteristics of musculotendinous units

Muscle architecture and function

Stretch-shorten cycle

Summary

Review questions

 

Part II. Musculoskeletal response and adaptation to loading

 

Chapter 8.Elementary biomechanics

Mechanics and biomechanics

Center of gravity

Stability

Center of pressure

Vector and scalar quantities

Moment of a force

Levers

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 9. Forces in muscles and joints

Selective recruitment of motor units to match functional requirements

Forces acting on the head in upright postures

moment of external forces versus the magnitude of internal forces

Forces about the hip joint in One-leg stance

Effect of squat and stoop postures on forces in the lumbar region

Swing and stabilization components of muscle force

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 10.Mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components

Stress - strain relationships in solids

Work, Strain Energy, and Kinetic Energy

Viscosity and viscoelasticity

Active and passive loading

Impact and Shock

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 11.Structural adaptation of the musculoskeletal system

Adaptation

Biopositive and bionegative effects of loading

Response and adaptation of musculoskeletal components to loading

Summary

Review questions

 

Chapter 12.Etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries

Kinetic chain

Compensatory movements

Risk factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Summary

Review questions

 

Appendix

References

Index

About the Author

James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow.

 

Watkins’ main teaching and research specializations are musculoskeletal anatomy and the biomechanics of sport and exercise. He has authored over 80 publications, including three well-known textbooks (An Introduction to the Mechanics of Human Movement, 1983; this text, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System; and An Introduction to Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise, 2007).

 

Watkins is a fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), a fellow of the Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom (PEAUK), and an honorary member of the Association for Physical Education (afPE). He is an advisory board member of the Journal of Sports Sciences and a former chair of the Biomechanics Section of BASES.

 

In 1975 Watkins received his PhD in biomechanics from the University of Leeds in England. He resides in Swansea, where he enjoys walking, playing golf, and reading about the history of science.

 

All ancillaries are free to adopting instructors and available online.

Image bank. Features most of the nearly 700 illustrations from the text, sorted by chapter. The images can be used for developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements. A blank PowerPoint template is also provided, along with easy-to-follow instructions for quickly creating a presentation.

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