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Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology-2nd Edition

Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology-2nd Edition

$119.00 USD


Product Format
    Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, uses a mix of biochemistry, molecular biology, neurophysiology, and muscle physiology to provide a synthesis of knowledge and research in the field. The text is a leading resource devoted solely to the topic of nervous and neuromuscular systems, and it assists readers in identifying current directions in research and new avenues for exploration.

    Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, offers readers a foundation of knowledge while detailing the most recent findings in the rapidly changing field of neuromuscular exercise physiology. It simplifies complex concepts with illustrations and graphs—including 20 new figures—all showcased in a new larger format to help students visualize and better understand the material. A new chapter on clinical considerations has been added, focusing on conditions that involve a compromise in the neuromuscular mechanisms necessary for movement. Other chapters have been updated with new or expanded content, including the following topics:
    • Blood flow restriction during exercise as a training method
    • The influence of pain on motor unit recruitment
    • Surface EMG signals and the role that high-density surface EMG has played in motor unit recruitment research
    • Updates on the role of the motoneuronal initial segment in the activation and adaptation of motoneurons
    • An exploration of the “onion skin” pattern and neuromechanical matching for an explanation of motor unit recruitment
    • The role of exerkines and small extracellular vesicles in adaptation to exercise
    The text covers a variety of important issues in the field, beginning with a discussion of motor unit types, muscle blood flow, and metabolic pathways in control of metabolism. Possible peripheral and central contributors to fatigue are discussed, as well as the effects of aerobic endurance training and strength training on the protein profiles of muscle fibers and on the central nervous system.

    Chapter objectives have been added to the text to provide a road map for the readers, and new review questions help students assess their understanding of the content. Chapter summaries recap the key issues presented for each topic. Analyses of research findings and research applications are highlighted in special sidebars. Throughout the text, practical examples help readers engage with the content.

    Within the dynamic field of neuromuscular exercise physiology, ideas of how nerves and muscles collaborate during acute and chronic exercise are continually evolving. Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, offers an authoritative perspective of current research in the field as it seeks to encourage discussion, further study, and new research directions.


    Upper-level undergraduate- and graduate-level students in exercise physiology courses; also a reference for researchers and professionals in exercise science and health-related fields.
    Chapter 1. Muscle Fibers, Motor Units, and Motoneurons
    Muscle Heterogeneity
    Orderly Motor Unit Recruitment
    Smaller Motoneurons Are More Excitable
    Membrane Resistivity and Motoneuron Size
    Other Factors Determining Action Potential Generation
    Minimal Firing Rates and Afterhyperpolarization Durations
    Motoneuron Current–Frequency Relationship and Excitability
    Spike Frequency Adaptation
    Motoneuron Persistent Inward Currents (PICs)

    Chapter 2. Motor Unit Recruitment During Different Types of Movements
    Measuring Human Motor Unit Recruitment
    Influence of Task
    Influence of Pain on Motor Unit Recruitment
    Slow-Ramp Isometric Contractions
    Maintained Isometric Contractions
    Isometric Contractions in Various Directions
    Isometric Contractions Versus Movements
    Ballistic Contractions
    Lengthening Contractions
    Cocontraction of Agonists and Antagonists
    Unilateral Versus Bilateral Contractions
    Maximal Voluntary Contractions
    Muscle Histochemistry to Investigate Rhythmic Complex Contractions

    Chapter 3. Muscle Blood Flow and Metabolism
    Muscle Blood Flow
    Muscle Metabolism

    Chapter 4. Peripheral Factors in Neuromuscular Fatigue
    Fatigue as Interference With the Contractile Machinery
    Failure of Impulse Propagation Along the Muscle Fiber Membrane
    Peripheral Fatigue Sites Other Than Muscle Membrane and Contractile Machinery
    Research From Animal Experiments

    Chapter 5. Central Factors in Neuromuscular Fatigue
    Motoneuron Activity During Sustained Contractions
    Isometric Versus Anisometric Tasks
    Rotation of Motor Units?

    Chapter 6. Muscular Mechanisms in Aerobic Endurance Training
    Chronic Muscle Stimulation
    Coordination of Muscle Protein Systems
    Pretranslational Control
    Translational Control
    Posttranslational Modifications
    Mitochondrial Responses
    Simultaneous Expression of Isoforms
    Adaptations Can Occur Ex Vivo
    Adaptations Appear in a Specific Sequence
    Thresholds of Activity for Adaptation
    Chronic Stimulation and Atrophy
    Metabolic Signals and the Adaptive Response
    Degenerative and Regenerative Processes

    Chapter 7. Neural Mechanisms in Aerobic Endurance Training
    Adaptation of the Neuromuscular Junction
    Responses of Motoneurons
    Adaptations of Spinal Cord Circuits

    Chapter 8. Muscle Molecular Mechanisms in Strength Training
    Acute Responses in Protein Synthesis and Degradation
    Connective Tissue Responses
    Role of Muscle Damage
    Role of Dietary Supplements

    Chapter 9. Muscle Property Changes in Strength Training
    Increased Muscle Fiber Cross-Sectional Area
    Fiber Type Composition
    Muscle Fiber Number
    Muscle Composition
    Muscle Architecture
    Muscle Fiber Ultrastructure
    Evoked Isometric Contractile Properties
    Changes in Muscle Force, Velocity, and Power
    Fatigue Resistance
    Role of Eccentric Contractions
    Concurrent Resistance and Aerobic Training

    Chapter 10. Neural Mechanisms in Strength Training
    Gains in Strength Versus Muscle Girth
    Strength Gains Show Task Specificity
    Surface EMG Response During MVC
    Imaginary Strength Training
    Reflex Adaptations
    Cross Education
    Decreased Activation of Antagonists
    Changes in Motor Unit Recruitment
    Changes in Motor Cortex

    Chapter 11. Clinical Considerations Concerning Neuromuscular Exercise and Training
    Effects of Exercise on Neuromuscular Aging
    Effects of Exercise Training in Stroke Patients
    Physical Activity and Fibromyalgia
    Exercise and Dementia
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
    Phillip F. Gardiner, PhD, is a professor emeritus of kinesiology and recreation management at the University of Manitoba, with a cross-appointment in the department of physiology and pathophysiology in the Rady Faculty of Health Sciences. He served as director of the Spinal Cord Research Centre at the University of Manitoba from 2015 to 2020 and prior to that was the director of the Health, Leisure, & Human Performance Research Institute.

    Author of the Human Kinetics books Neuromuscular Aspects of Physical Activity (2001) and Skeletal Muscle: Form and Function (coauthor, 2006), Gardiner has also published over 150 research articles on neuromuscular system adaptability.

    Gardiner served as the president of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP) and as coeditor in chief of the Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. In 2007, he received the highest award bestowed by the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology: the CSEP Honour Award. He served as a Tier I Canada Research Chair in physical activity and health studies at the University of Manitoba from 2002 to 2016 and was chair of the Scientific Committee of Muscular Dystrophy Canada from 2015 to 2018. He has also served the Canadian Institutes of Health Research as chair of the board and as scientific director of the Institute of Musculoskeletal Health and Arthritis (IMHA).

    All ancillaries are free to adopting instructors through HKPropel.

    Test package. Contains a bank of 25 questions per chapter in true-false, fill-in-the-blank, essay and short-answer, and multiple-choice formats. The files may be downloaded for integration with a learning management system or printed for use as paper-based tests.

    Image bank. Includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. These can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

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