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Research Methods in Physical Activity 8th Edition epub

Research Methods in Physical Activity 8th Edition epub

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    Research Methods in Physical Activity, Eighth Edition, systematically guides students through the research process, introducing research methods, tools, and analysis techniques specifically for kinesiology and exercise science disciplines, including the subdisciplines of physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy. The eighth edition continues its legacy with the authors’ trademark humor and is now enhanced with a new full-color layout.

    This reputable text provides step-by-step information for every aspect of the research process. Part I presents an overview of the research process, from preparing the research plan to understanding ethical issues in research and writing. Part II introduces statistical and measurement issues in research. Part III presents various approaches to research and methodology—including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods—while scholarly contributors offer advice for addressing sociohistorical, experimental, epidemiological, and philosophical research questions. Part IV details how to develop and organize research papers and presentations, and it includes guidance for describing results for publication in a scientific journal. Statistical tables and guides are available in the appendix.

    Joining longtime authors Jerry Thomas, EdD, and Stephen Silverman, EdD, are Philip Martin, PhD, and Jennifer Etnier, PhD, who bring fresh perspectives from the subdisciplines of biomechanics and sport and exercise psychology. Other enhancements to the eighth edition include the following:
    • References have been updated throughout the text to present current research.
    • Part II has undergone a major revision that makes statistical techniques more accessible.
    • A new section on the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans and other public health initiatives demonstrates epidemiology research in action.
    • The chapter on philosophical research contains new issues from our increasingly diverse world, challenging students to think deeply.
    • The full-color layout fosters an engaging learning experience and offers an enhanced data presentation.
    Research Methods in Physical Activity, Eighth Edition, employs learning aids that make the technical aspects of the research process approachable and easy to understand. Photos, anecdotes, and humorous stories throughout the text highlight practical applications to keep students engaged. A running glossary and key points emphasize important content. Review questions and prompts invite students to assess and apply their knowledge.

    Research Methods in Physical Activity, Eighth Edition, instills in students the confidence to devise, collect, analyze, and present their research in a competent manner. It is an essential text for all emerging researchers in physical activity.

    Audience

    Text for upper-undergraduate or graduate students in physical activity, exercise science, fitness, physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy programs; also a reference for professionals in those areas.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Overview of the Research Process

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Research in Physical Activity
    The Nature of Research
    Unscientific Versus Scientific Methods of Problem-Solving
    Alternative Models of Research
    Types of Research
    Overview of the Research Process
    Parts of a Thesis: A Reflection on the Steps in the Research Process
    Summary

    Chapter 2. Developing the Problem and Using the Literature
    Identifying the Research Problem
    Purpose of the Literature Review
    Basic Literature Search Strategies
    Steps in the Literature Search
    Summary

    Chapter 3. Presenting the Problem
    Choosing the Title
    Developing the Introduction: Background and Justification
    Stating the Research Purpose
    Presenting the Research Hypothesis
    Operationally Defining Terms
    Basic Assumptions, Delimitations, and Limitations
    Justifying the Significance of the Study
    Differences Between the Thesis and the Research Article
    Summary

    Chapter 4. Formulating the Method
    How to Present Methodological Details
    Why Planning the Methods Is Important
    Two Principles for Planning Experiments
    Describing Participants
    Selecting and Describing Instruments
    Describing Procedures
    Describing Design and Analysis
    Establishing Cause and Effect
    Interaction of Participants, Measurements, and Treatments
    Summary

    Chapter 5. Ethical Issues in Research and Scholarship
    Seven Areas of Research Misconduct
    Ethical Issues Regarding Copyright
    Model for Considering Scientific Misconduct
    Working With Faculty
    Protecting Human Participants
    Protecting Animal Subjects
    Summary

    Part II. Statistical and Measurement Concepts in Research

    Chapter 6. Becoming Acquainted With Statistical Concepts
    Why We Need Statistics
    Use of Computers in Statistical Analysis
    Description and Inference Are Not Statistical Techniques
    Ways to Select a Sample
    Ways to Assign Participants to Groups
    Post Hoc Justifications
    Difficulty of Random Sampling and Assignment: How Good Must It Be?
    Measures of Central Tendency and Variability
    Basic Concepts of Statistical Techniques
    Data for Use in the Remaining Statistical Chapters
    Summary

    Chapter 7. Statistical Issues in Research Planning and Evaluation
    Probability
    Hypothesis Testing
    Meaningfulness (Effect Size)
    Power
    Using Information in the Context of the Study
    Summary

    Chapter 8. Relationships of Variables
    What Correlational Research Investigates
    Understanding the Nature of Correlation
    What the Coefficient of Correlation Means
    Using Correlation for Prediction
    Partial Correlation
    Semipartial Correlation
    Procedures for Multiple Regression
    Logistic Regression
    Discriminant Function Analysis
    Moderators and Mediators
    Multivariate Forms of Correlation
    Summary

    Chapter 9. Differences Between Groups
    How Statistics Test Differences
    Types of t Tests
    Interpreting t
    Relationship of t and r
    Analysis of Variance
    Analysis of Covariance
    Experiment-Wise Error Rate
    Understanding Multivariate Techniques
    Summary

    Chapter 10. Nonparametric Techniques
    Chi Square: Testing the Observed Versus the Expected
    Procedures for Rank-Order Data
    Correlation
    Differences Between Groups
    Summary

    Chapter 11. Measuring Research Variables
    Validity
    Reliability
    Methods of Establishing Reliability
    Intertester Reliability (Objectivity)
    Standard Error of Measurement
    Using Standard Scores to Compare Performance
    Measuring Movement
    Measuring Written Responses
    Measuring Affective Behavior
    Scales for Measurement
    Measuring Knowledge
    Item Response Theory
    Summary

    Part III. Types of Research

    Chapter 12. Sociohistorical Process in Sport Studies
    Development of the Discipline
    Theory and Sport History
    Relationship Between Theory and Method
    Research Sources
    Research Topics
    Research Design
    Data Analysis and Interpretation
    Research Findings
    Exemplary Studies in Sport History
    Summary

    Chapter 13. Philosophical Research in Physical Activity
    Identifying the Purposes of Philosophical Research
    Philosophical Inquiry Continuum
    Locating a Research Problem
    Analyzing a Research Problem
    Summary
    Appendix

    Chapter 14. Research Synthesis (Meta-Analysis and Systematic Reviews)
    Purpose of Research Synthesis
    Presenting Effect Size Data
    Summary

    Chapter 15. Surveys
    Questionnaires
    Additional Considerations for Online Surveys
    Delphi Method
    Personal Interviews
    Normative Surveys
    Summary

    Chapter 16. Other Descriptive Research Methods
    Developmental Research
    Case Studies
    Observational Research
    Unobtrusive Research Techniques
    Correlational Research
    Summary

    Chapter 17. Physical Activity Epidemiology Research
    U.S. National Physical Activity Guidelines and Plan
    Observational Versus Experimental Research
    What Is Physical Activity Epidemiology?
    Definitions of Physical Activity and Its Components
    Assessment of Physical Activity
    Epidemiological Study Designs
    Reading and Interpreting a Physical Activity Epidemiological Study
    Summary

    Chapter 18. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research
    Sources of Invalidity
    Threats to Internal Validity
    Threats to External Validity
    Controlling Threats to Internal Validity
    Controlling Threats to External Validity
    Types of Designs
    Summary

    Chapter 19. Qualitative Research
    Procedures in Qualitative Research
    Data Analysis
    Concluding Remarks
    Summary

    Chapter 20. Mixed-Methods Research
    Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
    Designing Mixed-Methods Research
    Issues in Mixed-Methods Research
    Examples of Mixed-Methods Research
    Summary

    Part IV. Writing the Research Report

    Chapter 21. Completing the Research Process
    Research Proposal
    Thesis and Dissertation Proposals
    Advisor and Dissertation Committee
    The Good Scholar Must Research and Write
    Scientific Writing
    First Things Are Sometimes Best Done Last
    Developing a Good Introduction
    Describing the Methods
    The Proposal Process
    Preparing and Presenting Qualitative Research Proposals
    Writing Proposals for Granting Agencies
    Submitting Internal Proposals
    Completing Your Thesis or Dissertation
    Results and Discussion
    Handling Multiple Experiments in a Single Report
    Using Tables and Figures
    Summary

    Chapter 22. Ways of Reporting Research
    Basic Writing Guidelines
    A Brief Word About Acknowledgments
    Thesis and Dissertation Format: Traditional Versus Journal
    Helpful Hints for Successful Journal Writing
    Revising Research Papers
    Writing Abstracts
    Making Oral and Poster Presentations
    Summary

    Appendix. Statistical Tables

    Author

    Jerry Thomas, EdD, retired in 2016 from the University of North Texas, where he served as a professor and dean of the College of Education. He has authored more than 200 publications, 120 of which are in refereed journals. In 1999 SHAPE America named him the C.H. McCloy Lecturer for his production of research throughout his career. Thomas has been editor in chief of Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport and a reviewer for most major research journals in kinesiology and numerous journals in psychology. He has also served as president of the National Academy of Kinesiology (NAK), founding president of American Kinesiology Association (AKA), AAHPERD Research Consortium (now SHAPE America), and North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA). In 1990 he was named an AAHPERD Alliance Scholar and in 2003 was named a NASPSPA Distinguished Scholar based on lifetime achievement in research. Thomas received an honorary doctorate of science from his undergraduate institution, Furman University, in the spring of 2015.

    Philip Martin, PhD, is a professor emeritus in the department of kinesiology at Iowa State University. Previously, he served as the head of the department of kinesiology at Penn State and as chair of exercise science and physical education at Arizona State University in Tempe. Martin’s research activities have addressed mechanical factors influencing the economy and efficiency of walking, running, and cycling. He has authored 80 research articles and book chapters and presented at regional, national, and international professional meetings. Martin is an active member and fellow of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB), the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and the National Academy of Kinesiology (NAK). He serves on the board of directors and the executive board of the American Kinesiology Association (AKA). He is a former president of the NAK and the ABS and former vice president of the AKA. He has also served on the editorial board of the International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, as an associate editor for the Journal of Applied Biomechanics, and as a biomechanics section editor for Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Additionally, he served on the scientific advisory committee for the U.S. Olympic Committee Sports Medicine Council.

    Jennifer L. Etnier, PhD, is a Julia Taylor Morton Distinguished Professor and chair of the department of kinesiology at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where she has received the Health and Human Performance Teaching Award and UNCG Alumni Teaching Excellence Award. Etnier’s research focuses on the cognitive benefits of physical activity. She has authored over 90 peer-reviewed research articles and contributed to over 20 book chapters and editorials. She is also the author of two books for the lay public focused on the youth sport experience: Bring Your “A” Game and Coaching for the Love of the Game. Etnier is a past president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA), where she had previously served on the executive board. She is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the National Academy of Kinesiology (NAK), where she also served as member-at-large. Etnier serves on the editorial board for the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology and the Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, where she previously served as editor in chief.

    Steve Silverman, EdD, is a professor of education and senior advisor to the provost for research preparation at Teachers College at Columbia University. He has taught and written about research methods for more than 30 years and has conducted research on teaching in physical education focusing on how children learn motor skill and develop attitudes. He has published more than 80 research articles in addition to many books and book chapters. Silverman is a fellow and past president of the National Academy of Kinesiology (NAK) and the AAHPERD Research Consortium (now SHAPE America) and a fellow of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). A former coeditor of the Journal of Teaching in Physical Education and former editor in chief of the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Silverman was an AERA Physical Education Scholar Lecturer, a Research Consortium Scholar Lecturer, and Weiss Lecturer and Alliance Scholar for AAHPERD. In 2010, he was inducted into the Kinesiology and Health Education Hall of Honor at the University of Texas at Austin.

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are free to adopting instructors through HKPropel.

    Instructor guide. Includes chapter overviews, a sample course syllabus, supplemental class activities, a supplemental data set, and student handouts.

    Test package. Contains 660 questions in short-answer and multiple-choice formats. The files may be downloaded for integration with a learning management system or printed for use as paper-based tests.

    Chapter quizzes. Contains ready-made quizzes (9 or 10 questions each), drawn from the test package, to assess student comprehension of the most important concepts in each chapter.

    Presentation package. Features more than 300 PowerPoint slides of text, artwork, and tables from the book that can be used for class discussion and presentation. The slides in the presentation package can be used directly within PowerPoint or printed to make handouts for students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides.

    Image bank. Includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. These can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

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