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Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes 2nd Edition PDF

Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes 2nd Edition PDF

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    Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, presents the most current protocols used for assessing high-level athletes. Based on the insight and experience of sport scientists who work closely with elite athletes to optimize sporting success, this comprehensive guide offers the how and why of both general and sport-specific physiological testing procedures. Readers will learn to use these tests to identify the strengths and weaknesses of athletes, monitor progress, provide feedback, and enhance performance their athletes’ potential.

    Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, guides readers in ensuring precision and reliability of testing procedures in the field or lab; correctly preparing athletes before testing; and accurately collecting, handling, and analyzing data. It leads readers through general testing concepts and athlete monitoring tools for determining anaerobic capacity, neuromuscular power, blood lactate thresholds, and VO2max. It also presents principles and protocols for common lab- and field-based assessments of body composition, agility, strength and power, and perceptual and decision-making capabilities. Reproducible forms throughout the book assist readers with data collection and preparticipation screening.

    After reviewing general protocols, this unique text takes a sport-specific look at the most effective tests and their applications in enhancing the performance of elite athletes. Protocols for 18 internationally recognized sports are introduced, and for each sport a rationale for the tests, lists of necessary equipment, and detailed testing procedures are provided. Normative data collected from athletes competing at national and international levels serve as excellent reference points for measuring elite athletes. New to the second edition are sport-specific assessments for Australian football, BMX cycling, rugby, sprint kayaking, high-performance walking, and indoor and beach volleyball.

    The second edition of Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes also features other enhancements, including extensive updates to normative data and reference material as well as several new chapters. New information on data collection and handling covers approaches for analyzing data from the physiological monitoring of individual athletes and for groups of athletes in team sports. Revised chapters on environmental physiology provide current insights regarding altitude training and training in heat and humidity. Discussions of the scientific basis of various strategies for athlete recovery in both training and competition enable readers to make sound decisions in employing those strategies to help their athletes optimally recover.

    For exercise physiologists, coaches, and exercise physiology students, Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, is the essential guide to the most effective assessment protocols available. Using the precise and proven protocols in this authoritative resource, exercise physiologists can acquire detailed information to assist athletes’ preparation.

    Table of Contents

    Part I: Laboratory and Athlete Preparation

    Chapter 1: Quality Assurance in Exercise Physiology Laboratories

    Evaluating Quality Assurance

    Australian Certification Model

    Implementing Quality Assurance

    References

    Chapter 2: Pretest Environment and Athlete Preparation

    Risk Management Processes

    Quality Assurance Considerations

    Medical Screening

    Musculoskeletal Screening

    Informed Consent

    Pretest Athlete Questionnaire

    Pretest Diet Considerations

    Pretest Checklists

    References

    Chapter 3: Data Collection and Analysis

    Data Capture and Storage

    Data Cleansing

    Data Transformation

    Analytical Approaches to Testing Athletes

    Measurement Studies

    Presentation of Results

    References

    Part II: Testing Concepts and Athlete Monitoring

    Chapter 4: Ergometer-Based Maximal Neuromuscular Power

    Muscular Power Output

    Maximal Power Output

    Peak Power Output

    Maximal Neuromuscular Power

    Expected Test Scores and Data Interpretation

    References

    Chapter 5: Anaerobic Capacity

    Energy Systems

    Lactate and Fatigue

    Anaerobic ATP Production

    Maximal Accumulated Oxygen Deficit

    References

    Chapter 6: Blood Lactate Thresholds

    Blood Lactate Testing Rationale

    Concepts and Controversies

    Test Protocols

    Practical Applications

    References

    Chapter 7: Determination of Maximal Aerobic Power (VO2max)

    Theoretical Rationale

    Ergometers

    VO2 Test Systems

    Volumetric and Gas Analysis Equipment

    General Procedures

    Calculations

    References

    Chapter 8: Altitude Training

    Classical Altitude Training

    Live High, Train Low

    Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure and Training

    Using Hypoxia to Prepare for Competition at Altitude

    Using Hypoxia to Prepare for Competition at Sea Level

    Altitude and Illness

    References

    Chapter 9: Heat

    Physiological Responses to Hot Environmental Conditions

    Performance in the Heat

    Use of Heat and Humidity as a Training Intervention

    Core Temperature Measurement Site

    Heat-Associated Illness

    References

    Chapter 10: Physiological Recovery

    Compression Clothing

    Hydrotherapy

    Sleep

    Massage

    Stretching

    Active Recovery

    References

    Part III: Fundamental Assessment Principles and Protocols

    Chapter 11: Assessment of Physique

    Body Composition Models

    Air Displacement Plethysmography

    Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry

    Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis

    Surface Anthropometry

    Alternate Technologies

    Factors Influencing Reliability of Methods

    References

    Chapter 12: Testing and Training Agility

    Factors Influencing Agility Performance

    Contemporary Definition of Agility

    Agility Testing Protocols

    Individual Interpretation of Tests

    Training Directions Based on Test Results

    References

    Chapter 13: Strength and Power Assessment Protocols

    Relationship Between Strength And Power

    Strength and Power Assessment Principles

    Strength, Power, and Functional Performance

    References

    Chapter 14: Field Testing Principles and Protocols

    Test Reliability

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    References

    Chapter 15: Perceptual–Cognitive and Perceptual–Motor Contributions to Elite Performance

    Anticipating the Movement of an Opponent

    Recognizing Typical Patterns of Play in Team Sports

    Possessing Superior Decision-Making Skills

    Superior Anticipation of Event Probabilities

    Improved Capacity to Dual Task

    Constructing and Implementing a Testing Battery

    Task Representation

    References

    Part IV: Physiological Protocols for the Assessment of Athletes in Specific Sports

    Chapter 16: Australian Football Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 17: Basketball Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 18: Cricket Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 19: High-Performance Cyclists

    Track Cycling

    Road Cycling

    BMX

    Mountain Bike

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 20: Football (Soccer) Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 21: Hockey Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 22: Netball Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 23: Rowers

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 24: Rugby League Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 25: Rugby Union Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 26: Runners and Walkers

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 27: Sailors

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 28: Sprint Kayak Athletes

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 29: Swimmers

    Practical Applications of Physiological Testing

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 30: Tennis Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 31: Triathletes

    Establishing Guidelines for Quantifying Training and Racing

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 32: Indoor and Beach Volleyball Players

    Indoor Volleyball

    Beach Volleyball

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    Chapter 33: Water Polo Players

    Athlete Preparation

    Test Environment

    Equipment Checklist

    Test Protocols

    References

    About the Author

    The Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) is the High Performance Division of the Australian Sports Commission and Australia’s premier sport training institute. The AIS has gained an international reputation as a best-practice model for high-performance athlete development delivering outstanding results through a combination of skilled coaches, world-class facilities, and cutting-edge sport science and sports medicine services. The institute offers 36 sport programs in 26 sports, with hundreds of scholarships offered annually to Australia’s finest athletes.

    The headquarters of the AIS is located in Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory. AIS programs are also located throughout Australia in Adelaide, Brisbane, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Perth, and Sydney as well as in Spain, Italy, and the United Kingdom.

    Reviews

    "This is a welcome upgrade of the first edition, by authors who are leaders in their field of study. It has current references that support the authors' claims about exercise testing and their expertise contributes immensely to the understanding of the material. Added chapters and subsections in this edition help to address questions left unanswered by the first edition. It is a must have for any scientist engaging in exercise testing of elite-level athletes."

    --Doody's Book Review (5-star review)