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Clinical Pharmacology in Athletic Training

Clinical Pharmacology in Athletic Training

Author:
$89.00 USD

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    Book

    Athletic trainers have a responsibility to provide high-quality pharmaceutical care while meeting both legal and ethical requirements. Clinical Pharmacology in Athletic Training empowers athletic trainers with a functional understanding of pharmacology that enables them to formulate a treatment plan intended to mitigate disease and improve the overall health of their patients. This text incorporates the most up-to-date content from the 2020 Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE) standards, and it emphasizes interprofessional practice to enable future and current athletic trainers to collaborate with other health professionals in a manner that optimizes the quality of care.

    Clinical Pharmacology in Athletic Training begins by addressing drug legislation and the legal aspects of the athletic trainer’s role in sport medication. The text provides an overview of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with an emphasis on concepts relevant to clinical practice. Students are introduced to the generic and brand names, general classifications, and appropriate administration of drugs and are guided toward appropriate online reference materials. Part II of this text describes common medications for pain, inflammation, and infections. Part III includes medications for specific conditions, including respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, gynecological, and mental health conditions. The text also includes current information on opioid analgesics, cannabis, and cannabinoid-based medications.

    Clinical Pharmacology in Athletic Training teaches students to administer appropriate pharmacological agents for the management of the patient’s condition. The information includes indications, contraindications, dosing, interactions, and adverse reactions. The following features are included to aid in the learning process:
    • Chapter objectives set the stage for the main topics covered in the chapter.
    • Key terms are boldfaced to indicate terms of special importance, and a glossary of definitions is included at the back of the book.
    • Red Flag sidebars highlight warnings and precautions for certain medications or medicolegal issues.
    • Evidence in Pharmacology sidebars highlight recent research regarding medications.
    • Clinical Application sidebars present real-life stories from the field of athletic training.
    • Case studies highlight specific therapeutic medication applications and are accompanied by questions that prompt readers to think critically about the issues presented.
    • Quick reference drug tables describe medication types, generic and brand names, pronunciations, common indications, and other special considerations for the athletic trainer.
    Over the past decade, there has been an increased emphasis on pharmacology in athletic training. Clinical Pharmacology in Athletic Training will equip students with appropriate skills and competencies, prepare them to meet patient needs, and enable them to work in interprofessional teams.

    Audience

    Graduate-level resource for athletic training courses in pharmacology; reference for athletic trainers and health care providers working in sports medicine.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Foundational Pharmacology Concepts

    Chapter 1. Legal Aspects of Therapeutic Medication Management
    Health Care Providers With Prescribing Authority
    The Sports Medicine Team
    Federal and State Laws
    Drug Development, Studies, and Standards
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 2. Administering Medications in the Athletic Training Setting
    Athletic Training Clinic
    Guidelines for Administering Medications
    Preventing Medication Errors
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 3. Drug Names, Classification, and Safety
    Drug Names
    Drug Classes
    Drug Safety
    Adverse Drug Effects and Therapeutic Monitoring
    Allergic Drug Reactions
    Medication Use Process
    Drug Information Resources
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 4. Pharmacokinetics
    Biopharmaceutics
    Drug Liberation
    Drug Absorption
    Drug Distribution
    Drug Metabolism
    Drug Elimination
    Pharmacokinetics and Exercise
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 5. Pharmacodynamics
    Mechanism of Action
    Drug Receptors
    Drug–Receptor Binding
    Drug–Receptor Interactions
    Drug Dosing
    Dose Responses
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 6. Drug Delivery, Dosages, and Procedures
    Drug Delivery Systems
    Routes of Administration
    Enteral Drug Delivery
    Parenteral Drug Delivery
    Mucous Membrane Drug Administration
    Topical Drug Administration
    Transdermal Drug Administration
    Medication Dosing
    Clinical Procedures for Enteral Drug Administration
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Part II. Classes of Therapeutic Medications

    Chapter 7. Drugs to Treat Pain: Nonopioid Analgesics and Anesthetics
    Biopsychosocial Model
    Differentiation of Pain
    Pathophysiology of Pain
    Analgesics
    Nonopioid Analgesic Agents
    Local Anesthetics
    Topical Analgesics: Creams, Gels, and Ointments
    The ATs’ Role in the Clinical Management of Pain
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 8. Drugs to Treat Pain: Opioid Analgesics
    Appropriate Use of Opioid Analgesics
    Classes of Opioid Analgesics
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 9. Drugs to Treat Inflammation: Steroidal and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatories
    Inflammatory Process
    Controlling Inflammation
    Corticosteroids
    Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 10. Drugs to Treat Infection: Antibiotics
    Indications for Use
    Mechanism of Action
    Therapeutic Effects
    Routes of Administration
    Pharmacokinetics
    Pharmacodynamics
    Dosing Guidelines
    Adverse Effects
    Indications and Precautions
    Patient Education for Use of Antibacterial Medications
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Part III. Drugs for Treating Common Conditions in the Athletic Patient

    Chapter 11. Drugs for Treating Asthma and Other Respiratory Conditions
    Respiratory Infections
    Allergic Rhinitis and Other Allergies
    Asthma
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 12. Drugs for Treating Cardiovascular Conditions
    Ischemic Chest Pain: Angina Pectoris
    Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Disease
    Acute Coronary Syndrome
    Hypertension and Hypertensive Crisis
    Cardiac Arrhythmias
    Thromboembolisms
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 13. Drugs for Treating Diabetes and Disordered Glucose Metabolism
    Glucose Homeostasis
    Metabolic Disorders
    Antidiabetic Agents for Managing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Insulin for Managing Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Diabetes Care Plan
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 14. Drugs for Treating Digestive Disorders
    Nausea and Vomiting
    Diarrhea
    Constipation
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
    Gastritis and Peptic Ulcer Disease
    Gastroenteritis
    Functional Bowel Disorders: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    Supportive Care and General Management of Digestive Disorders
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 15. Drugs for Treating Common Musculoskeletal and Neurological Conditions
    Articular (Joint) Pain
    Musculotendinous Pain
    Neck and Back Pain
    Fibromyalgia
    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
    Headache Disorders
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 16. Drugs for Treating Dermatological Conditions
    Protective Barrier of the Skin
    Principles of Topical Dermatologic Pharmacology
    Bacterial Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections
    Fungal Skin Infections
    Candidiasis
    Viral Skin Infections: Herpes Simplex and Molluscum Contagiosum
    Autoimmune Inflammatory Skin Conditions
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 17. Drugs for Treating Reproductive and Genitourinary Concerns
    Family Planning and Contraception
    Short-Acting Hormonal Contraceptives
    Long-Acting Reversible Contraception
    Barrier Methods
    Emergency Contraception
    Recommendations for Exercise During Pregnancy
    Sexually Transmitted Infections
    Reproductive and Urogenital Concerns
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 18. Drugs for Treating Mental Health Conditions
    Mental Health Conditions
    Behavioral Health Emergencies
    Treatment Options for Mental Health Disorders
    Mood Disorders
    Anxiety Disorders
    Stressor-Related Disorders
    Sleep or Wakefulness Disorders
    Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    Eating Disorders
    Substance-Related Disorders
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 19. Drugs and Supplements to Enhance Performance
    Substances Banned for Competition
    Supplements for Enhancing Musculoskeletal Performance
    Supplements for Treating Neurological Conditions
    Supplements for Treating Skeletal Conditions
    Manipulation of Approved Medications to Enhance Performance
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 20. Cannabis and Cannabinoids
    Cannabis
    Cannabinoids
    Acute Effects of Cannabis Use
    Chronic Effects of Cannabis Use
    Adverse Effects of Cannabis
    Cannabidiol
    Medical Cannabinoids
    Research on Cannabinoid-Based Medicines
    Performance Effects and Sport Regulation
    Regulation of Cannabis Use
    Clinical Recommendations
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 21. Drug Testing in Sport
    Drug Education
    The Evolution of Drug Testing in Sport
    Supplement Standards
    The Drug-Testing Process
    Testing for Marijuana
    Testing for Anabolic Steroids
    Masking Agents
    Results of Drug Testing
    Drug Exemptions
    Summary
    Case Studies

    Chapter 22. Medications for Surgery
    Concepts of Anesthesia
    Effects of General Anesthesia
    Levels of Sedation
    Stages of Anesthesia
    Types of Anesthesia
    Common Applications of Anesthesia in Sports Medicine
    Preparation for a Surgical Procedure
    Recovery From a Surgical Procedure
    Adverse Effects of Anesthesia
    Summary
    Case Studies

    About the Author

    Michelle Cleary, PhD, ATC, is an associate professor in the physician assistant studies program in the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Science at Chapman University. Prior to joining Chapman in 2012, Cleary taught at Temple University, where she earned her doctorate, and at Florida International University and the University of Hawaii. She is certified as an athletic trainer by the Board of Certification (BOC). She has 20 years of experience teaching in accredited athletic training programs.

    In addition to numerous journal articles and book chapters, Cleary has written two national position statements for the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA), has served on several NATA committees, and received the Most Distinguished Athletic Trainer award from NATA in 2019. Cleary wrote Acute and Emergency Care in Athletic Training with Katie Walsh Flanagan. She is the chair of the Research and Grants Committee of the Far West Athletic Trainers’ Association and is also an active member of the California Athletic Trainers’ Association, receiving the Outstanding Service Award in 2015. Her clinical experience includes time as an athletic trainer at the high school, NCAA Division I, and international/Olympic levels.

    Thomas E Abdenour, DHSc, ATC, CES, received his doctorate degree in health science from A.T. Still University in 2011. He is a member of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) and is currently on the NATA’s Foundation Board. Abdenour was inducted into the NATA Hall of Fame in 2007 and received the Most Distinguished Athletic Trainer award from NATA in 2014. He contributed to the 2009 NATA consensus statement Managing Prescription and Non-Prescription Medication in the Athletic Training Facility.

    Abdenour is best known for his work in the National Basketball Association, where he spent 23 years as the head athletic trainer for the Golden State Warriors. In 1990, he was recognized as the Athletic Trainer of the Year by the National Basketball Athletic Trainers Association. Abdenour served as athletic trainer for the gold-medal-winning USA men's basketball team at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. He also founded the Champion Guidance Center for Men in Oakland, California, to support underprivileged men. Following his time with the Golden State Warriors, he served as the head athletic trainer at San Diego State University. While at San Diego State University, he was an approved clinical instructor and an adjunct faculty member in the department of exercise and nutrition science.

    Mike Pavlovich, PharmD, earned his doctor of pharmacy degree in 1989 from the University of the Pacific. He is currently the president and owner of Westcliff Compounding Pharmacy. Pavlovich was an American Pharmacists Association (APhA) trustee from 2008 to 2014 and served in the APhA House of Delegates for more than 25 years. He received the Distinguished Achievement Award in Specialized Pharmacy Practice from APhA in 2012 and was recognized for his influence on the practice of pharmaceutical compounding and sports medicine. He is a past president of the California Pharmacists Association and a past board member of Pharmaceutical Care Network.

    Prior to his employment at Westcliff Compounding Pharmacy, Pavlovich was the chief pharmacist for SportPharm, which revolutionized athletic trainers’ capacity to manage prescription medications under the guidance of a team physician. He served as team pharmacist on the U.S. Olympic medical team at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China. Pavlovich also contributed to the 2009 NATA consensus statement Managing Prescription and Non-Prescription Medication in the Athletic Training Facility. Many of his core recommendations for medication management in the athletic training clinic are still being followed today.

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are free to adopting instructors through HKPropel.

    Test package. Contains questions in true-false, fill-in-the-blank, essay and short-answer, and multiple-choice formats. 

    Presentation package. Features PowerPoint slides of text, artwork, and tables from the book that can be used for class discussion and presentation. The slides in the presentation package can be used directly within PowerPoint or printed to make handouts for students. Instructors can easily add, modify, and rearrange the order of the slides.

    Image bank. Includes most of the figures and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. These can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

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