The Athlete’s Clock: How Biology and Time Affect Sport Performance offers an engaging, interdisciplinary consideration of some of the most compelling questions in sport and exercise science. This unique text takes a broad look at the physiological clock, offering students, researchers, coaches, and athletes a unique approach to understanding how various aspects of time affect sport performance.
The Athlete’s Clock explores the ways in which time and its relationship to athletic effort can optimize sport performance. Readers can investigate challenging questions such as these:
•If physiological responses to training vary rhythmically throughout the day, what is the optimal time of day for training?
•If a coach thinks that a high stroke count leads to a better time in a particular swim event, should the athlete go with it? Or is it better to stick to a more intuitively normal cadence?
•Do endurance athletes consciously control their pacing, or are they under the control of unconscious processes within the central nervous system?
•In what ways do aging and rhythmic biological variations over time control athletic performance?
•Can athletes use cognitive strategies to subdue or overcome limits imposed by biological factors out of their control?
Readers will find information on the mechanisms by which time influences physiological function—such as running speeds and muscle activation—and how those mechanisms can be used in extending the limits of motor activity. Chapter introductions cue readers to the ideas addressed in the chapter, and sidebars throughout present amusing or unusual examples of sport and timing within various contexts. In addition, take-home messages at the end of each chapter summarize important findings and research that readers may apply in their own lives.
Addressing one of the most intriguing questions in sports, a conversational interview with athlete development expert, anthropologist, and sport scientist Bob Malina covers the timely topic of sport identification and talent development. The interview is an engaging discussion of how and when talent identification should take place and how talent development for young, promising athletes might proceed. The text also considers how time throughout one’s life span alters motor function, particularly in the later years.
The Athlete’s Clock: How Biology and Time Affect Sport Performance blends physiological, psychological, and philosophical perspectives to provide an intelligent and whimsical look at the effects of timing in sport and exercise. This text seeks to provoke thought and further research that look at the relationship between biology, time, and performance as well as an understanding of and appreciation for the intricacies of human potential.
A text for students in exercise physiology and other disciplines within kinesiology; a resource for sport science researchers and academic libraries as well as athletes and coaches seeking information on improving sport performance through an understanding of the physiological factors that affect athletes.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Who’s in Charge Here? Setting the Race Pace
Chapter 2. Marching to the Same Drummer: Cadence in Endurance Events
Chapter 3. Dragsters, Tiger Beetles, and Usain Bolt: Time and Speed
Chapter 4. Circadian Rhythms and Sport Performance
Chapter 5. It’s All in the Timing: Keeping Your Eye on the Ball
Chapter 6. Peaks and Valleys: The Development of Athletic Skill—A Conversation
With Bob Malina
Chapter 7. Over The Hill: Aging and Sport Performance
About the Editor
Thomas W. Rowland, MD, is director of pediatric cardiology at the Baystate Medical Center in Springfield, Massachusetts, where he established an exercise testing laboratory. The author of Children’s Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, and editor of the journal Pediatric Exercise Science, he has extensive research experience in exercise physiology of children.
Rowland has served as president of the North American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine (NASPEM) and was on the board of trustees of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). He is past president of the New England chapter of the ACSM and received the ACSM Honor Award in 1993.
Since receiving BS and MD degrees from the University of Michigan in 1965 and 1969, Rowland has been an assistant and associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester (1977 to 1990) and an assistant and associate clinical professor of pediatrics at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston (1975 to the present). He is professor of pediatrics at Tufts University School of Medicine and a past adjunct professor of exercise science at the University of Massachusetts.
Rowland is a competitive tennis player and distance runner. He and his wife, Margot, reside in Longmeadow, Massachusetts. In his free time he enjoys playing tennis, running, and acting.
“This is an excellent broad introduction to the idea of time and sport. It offers scientific research to support many of the questions athletes and coaches ask themselves when determining strategy in a sport event.”
—Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)
ExcerptsAthletes And Time
Can Synchronizing Stride Rhythm And Breathing Help Performance?
Do External Cues Affect The Way Athletes Think About Pacing?
Experts Discuss Which Factors May Dictate Future Athletic Success In Youth
Physical Activity And Other Factors May Delay The Aging Process