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Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes 2nd Edition eBook

Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes 2nd Edition eBook

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    Ebook

    Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, presents the most current protocols used for assessing high-level athletes. Based on the insight and experience of sport scientists who work closely with elite athletes to optimize sporting success, this comprehensive guide offers the how and why of both general and sport-specific physiological testing procedures. Readers will learn to use these tests to identify the strengths and weaknesses of athletes, monitor progress, provide feedback, and enhance performance their athletes’ potential.

    Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, guides readers in ensuring precision and reliability of testing procedures in the field or lab; correctly preparing athletes before testing; and accurately collecting, handling, and analyzing data. It leads readers through general testing concepts and athlete monitoring tools for determining anaerobic capacity, neuromuscular power, blood lactate thresholds, and VO2max. It also presents principles and protocols for common lab- and field-based assessments of body composition, agility, strength and power, and perceptual and decision-making capabilities. Reproducible forms throughout the book assist readers with data collection and preparticipation screening.

    After reviewing general protocols, this unique text takes a sport-specific look at the most effective tests and their applications in enhancing the performance of elite athletes. Protocols for 18 internationally recognized sports are introduced, and for each sport a rationale for the tests, lists of necessary equipment, and detailed testing procedures are provided. Normative data collected from athletes competing at national and international levels serve as excellent reference points for measuring elite athletes. New to the second edition are sport-specific assessments for Australian football, BMX cycling, rugby, sprint kayaking, high-performance walking, and indoor and beach volleyball.

    The second edition of Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes also features other enhancements, including extensive updates to normative data and reference material as well as several new chapters. New information on data collection and handling covers approaches for analyzing data from the physiological monitoring of individual athletes and for groups of athletes in team sports. Revised chapters on environmental physiology provide current insights regarding altitude training and training in heat and humidity. Discussions of the scientific basis of various strategies for athlete recovery in both training and competition enable readers to make sound decisions in employing those strategies to help their athletes optimally recover.

    For exercise physiologists, coaches, and exercise physiology students, Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, is the essential guide to the most effective assessment protocols available. Using the precise and proven protocols in this authoritative resource, exercise physiologists can acquire detailed information to assist athletes’ preparation.

    Audience

    Reference for exercise physiologists and coaches working with elite athletes; text for graduate-level exercise physiology courses examining the use of physiological testing to measure and increase athletic performance.

    Table of Contents

    List of Contributors
    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    Introduction

    Part I: Laboratory and Athlete Preparation
    Chapter 1: Quality Assurance in Exercise Physiology Laboratories
    Evaluating Quality Assurance
    Australian Certification Model
    Implementing Quality Assurance
    References

    Chapter 2: Pretest Environment and Athlete Preparation
    Risk Management Processes
    Quality Assurance Considerations
    Medical Screening
    Musculoskeletal Screening
    Informed Consent
    Pretest Athlete Questionnaire
    Pretest Diet Considerations
    Pretest Checklists
    References

    Chapter 3: Data Collection and Analysis
    Data Capture and Storage
    Data Cleansing
    Data Transformation
    Analytical Approaches to Testing Athletes
    Measurement Studies
    Presentation of Results
    References

    Part II: Testing Concepts and Athlete Monitoring
    Chapter 4: Ergometer-Based Maximal Neuromuscular Power
    Muscular Power Output
    Maximal Power Output
    Peak Power Output
    Maximal Neuromuscular Power
    Expected Test Scores and Data Interpretation
    References

    Chapter 5: Anaerobic Capacity
    Energy Systems
    Lactate and Fatigue
    Anaerobic ATP Production
    Maximal Accumulated Oxygen Deficit
    References

    Chapter 6: Blood Lactate Thresholds
    Blood Lactate Testing Rationale
    Concepts and Controversies
    Test Protocols
    Practical Applications
    References

    Chapter 7: Determination of Maximal Aerobic Power (VO2max)
    Theoretical Rationale
    Ergometers
    VO2 Test Systems
    Volumetric and Gas Analysis Equipment
    General Procedures
    Calculations
    References

    Chapter 8: Altitude Training
    Classical Altitude Training
    Live High, Train Low
    Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure and Training
    Using Hypoxia to Prepare for Competition at Altitude
    Using Hypoxia to Prepare for Competition at Sea Level
    Altitude and Illness
    References

    Chapter 9: Heat
    Physiological Responses to Hot Environmental Conditions
    Performance in the Heat
    Use of Heat and Humidity as a Training Intervention
    Core Temperature Measurement Site
    Heat-Associated Illness
    References

    Chapter 10: Physiological Recovery
    Compression Clothing
    Hydrotherapy
    Sleep
    Massage
    Stretching
    Active Recovery
    References

    Part III: Fundamental Assessment Principles and Protocols
    Chapter 11: Assessment of Physique
    Body Composition Models
    Air Displacement Plethysmography
    Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry
    Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis
    Surface Anthropometry
    Alternate Technologies
    Factors Influencing Reliability of Methods
    References

    Chapter 12: Testing and Training Agility
    Factors Influencing Agility Performance
    Contemporary Definition of Agility
    Agility Testing Protocols
    Individual Interpretation of Tests
    Training Directions Based on Test Results
    References

    Chapter 13: Strength and Power Assessment Protocols
    Relationship Between Strength And Power
    Strength and Power Assessment Principles
    Strength, Power, and Functional Performance
    References

    Chapter 14: Field Testing Principles and Protocols
    Test Reliability
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    References

    Chapter 15: Perceptual–Cognitive and Perceptual–Motor Contributions to Elite Performance
    Anticipating the Movement of an Opponent
    Recognizing Typical Patterns of Play in Team Sports
    Possessing Superior Decision-Making Skills
    Superior Anticipation of Event Probabilities
    Improved Capacity to Dual Task
    Constructing and Implementing a Testing Battery
    Task Representation
    References

    Part IV: Physiological Protocols for the Assessment of Athletes in Specific Sports
    Chapter 16: Australian Football Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 17: Basketball Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 18: Cricket Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 19: High-Performance Cyclists
    Track Cycling
    Road Cycling
    BMX
    Mountain Bike
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 20: Football (Soccer) Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 21: Hockey Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 22: Netball Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 23: Rowers
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 24: Rugby League Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 25: Rugby Union Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 26: Runners and Walkers
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 27: Sailors
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 28: Sprint Kayak Athletes
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 29: Swimmers
    Practical Applications of Physiological Testing
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 30: Tennis Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 31: Triathletes
    Establishing Guidelines for Quantifying Training and Racing
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 32: Indoor and Beach Volleyball Players
    Indoor Volleyball
    Beach Volleyball
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Chapter 33: Water Polo Players
    Athlete Preparation
    Test Environment
    Equipment Checklist
    Test Protocols
    References

    Appendix
    Index
    About the Editor

    About the Author

    The Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) is the High Performance Division of the Australian Sports Commission and Australia’s premier sport training institute. The AIS has gained an international reputation as a best-practice model for high-performance athlete development delivering outstanding results through a combination of skilled coaches, world-class facilities, and cutting-edge sport science and sports medicine services. The institute offers 36 sport programs in 26 sports, with hundreds of scholarships offered annually to Australia’s finest athletes.

    The headquarters of the AIS is located in Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory. AIS programs are also located throughout Australia in Adelaide, Brisbane, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Perth, and Sydney as well as in Spain, Italy, and the United Kingdom.

    Reviews

    "This is a welcome upgrade of the first edition, by authors who are leaders in their field of study. It has current references that support the authors' claims about exercise testing and their expertise contributes immensely to the understanding of the material. Added chapters and subsections in this edition help to address questions left unanswered by the first edition. It is a must have for any scientist engaging in exercise testing of elite-level athletes."

    --Doody's Book Review (5-star review)