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Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance With Web Resource-2nd Edition

Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance With Web Resource-2nd Edition



$98.00 USD

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    Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition With Web Resource, updates and expands on the popular first edition, providing an in-depth discussion of physiological adaptation to exercise. Students will learn the importance of an evidence-based approach in prescribing exercise, while sports medicine professionals and health care providers will appreciate using the text as a primary reference on conditioning and performance of athletes. A range of topics are covered, including environmental influences on performance, hydration status, sport nutrition, sport supplements, and performance-enhancing drugs. The book is focused on physiological adaptation to exercise with a goal of providing practical applications to facilitate exercise prescriptions for a variety of athletes.

    Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition, is organized into five parts. The first part examines physiological adaptation and the effects of various modes of training on biochemical, hormonal, muscular, cardiovascular, neural, and immunological adaptations. The second part covers principles of exercise training and prescription. The third part discusses nutrition, hydration status, sport supplementation, and performance-enhancing drugs. The fourth part focuses on environmental factors and their influence on sport performance. The fifth and final part is focused on how certain medical and health conditions influence sport performance.

    Updates in this second edition focus on cutting-edge knowledge in sport science and sports medicine, including the latest information on physiological adaptations to exercise; current trends for training for power, speed, and agility; eye-opening discussions on sport supplementation and performance-enhancing drugs; data on training with medical conditions such as diabetes and exercise-induced bronchospasm; and groundbreaking information on training in heat and cold and at altitude. In addition, new chapters offer a practical approach to the yearly training program and sudden death in sport.

    The second edition also incorporates the following features to enhance practical application and facilitate students’ learning:

    • A new web resource includes 80 drills and 41 video demonstrations that help readers understand how to implement the various exercises.
    • Chapter objectives provide an overview of key content in each chapter.
    • Chapter review questions help students assess their learning.
    • In Practice sidebars bring chapter content to life in a practical manner and help students better understand the material.

    Students and instructors will benefit from the new web resource, which features 80 drills and detailed instruction on performing each drill. The drills can be used for a dynamic warm-up or to enhance speed and agility. Most drills are accompanied by at least one photo showing how to perform a key movement of the drill. Forty of the drills are accompanied by a video of the drill being performed in its entirety, and a dynamic warm-up routine video features 10 warm-up exercises.

    Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance, Second Edition, provides a strong basis for understanding adaptation to exercise and appreciating how changes in program variables can alter training adaptations. All the information in this text is presented in an attractive, reader-friendly format that is conducive to learning. The text serves as both a key educational tool and a primary reference for exercise prescription for athletes.


    A text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses in physiology and physical conditioning; a reference for professionals in sport physiology, sports medicine, physical therapy, athletic training, and coaching as well as serious athletes dedicated to elite performance.

    Table of Contents


    Part I. Physiological Adaptations to Exercise

    Chapter 1. Neuromuscular System and Exercise
    Muscle Structure
    Muscle Contraction
    Neuromuscular System
    Muscle Fiber Types
    Muscle Recruitment
    Muscle Proprioceptors
    Neuromuscular Adaptations to Exercise Training
    Review Questions

    Chapter 2. Endocrine System and Exercise
    Overview of the Endocrine System
    Hormonal Transport and Binding Proteins
    Hormones and Exercise
    Metabolic Hormones
    Fluid Regulatory Hormones
    Opioids and Exercise
    Review Questions

    Chapter 3. Metabolic System and Exercise
    ATP-PC Energy Source
    Glycolytic Energy Source
    Lactic Acid Controversy
    Lactate Shuttle
    Oxidative Energy Source
    Interaction of the Energy Sources
    Metabolic Adaptations to Endurance Training
    Metabolic Adaptations to Anaerobic Exercise
    Review Questions

    Chapter 4. Cardiovascular System and Exercise
    Overview of Cardiovascular System
    Overview of Respiratory System
    Cardiovascular Response to Acute Exercise
    Pulmonary Ventilation During Exercise
    Cardiovascular Response to Training
    Respiratory Adaptations to Training
    Training Effects on Minute Ventilation and Ventilatory Equivalent
    Effects of Training on Blood Volume and Red Blood Cells
    Review Questions

    Chapter 5. Immunological System and Exercise
    Cells of the Immune System
    Complement System
    Acute-Phase Proteins
    Exercise and Immune Response
    Review Questions

    Part II. Exercise Training Principles and Prescriptions

    Chapter 6. Principles of Training
    Specificity Principle
    Overload Principle
    Progression Principle
    Individuality Principle
    Principle of Diminishing Returns
    Principle of Reversibility
    Review Questions

    Chapter 7. Warm-Up, Flexibility, and Balance Training
    Stability and Balance Training
    Review Questions

    Chapter 8. Resistance Training
    Resistance Training Program Development
    Various Modes of Resistance Training
    Alternative Methods of Resistance Training
    Resistance Training Effects on the Components of Fitness
    Women and Resistance Training
    Examples of Resistance Training Programs
    Review Questions

    Chapter 9. Power Training
    Scientific Basis for Power Training
    Relationship Between Force, Velocity, and Power
    Training Methods for Power Development
    Ballistic Training
    Olympic Weightlifting
    Review Questions

    Chapter 10. Anaerobic Conditioning
    Anaerobic Conditioning
    Selection of Rest Intervals for Anaerobic Conditioning
    Anaerobic Conditioning Exercises
    Review Questions

    Chapter 11. Speed and Agility Development
    Speed Development
    Agility Development
    Review Questions

    Chapter 12. Endurance Training
    Physiological Adaptations to Endurance Training
    Factors Relating to Endurance Performance
    Endurance Exercise Prescription
    Endurance Training Programs
    Review Questions

    Chapter 13. Concurrent Training
    Effect of Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training on V\od\O2
    Effect of Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training on Maximal Strength
    Effect of Sequence of Training on Endurance and Strength Improvements
    Effect of Concurrent Training on Muscle Growth and Muscle Fiber Characteristics
    Effect of Concurrent Training on Protein Signaling
    Effect of Concurrent Training on Hormonal Adaptations
    Effect of Concurrent Training on Basal Metabolic Rate and Weight Loss
    Effects of Combined Sprint and Resistance Training
    Review Questions

    Chapter 14. Periodization
    Periodization for All Disciplines
    Models of Periodization
    Efficacy of Periodization
    Periodized Training Program for a Strength–Power Athlete in a Team Sport
    Periodized Training Program for a Strength–Power Athlete Preparing for a Specific Event
    Periodized Training Program for an Endurance Athlete
    Review Questions

    Chapter 15. Program Development and Implementation
    Training Sessions
    Off-Season Training Program
    Preparatory–Hypertrophy Phase
    Strength Phase
    Competitive Season (Maintenance Phase)
    Training Program Considerations for Aerobic Endurance Athletes
    Review Questions

    Chapter 16. Athletic Performance Testing and Normative Data
    Factors Affecting Performance Testing
    Administrative Considerations for Assessment
    Tests for Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation
    Anaerobic Power and Anaerobic Fitness
    Maximal Aerobic Capacity and Aerobic Endurance
    Body Composition
    Review Questions

    Part III. Nutrition, Fluid Regulation, and Nutritional Supplementation

    Chapter 17. Sports Nutrition
    Classes of Nutrients and Their Functions
    Nutrient Utilization in Athletic Performance
    Timing of Nutritional Intake
    Review Questions

    Chapter 18. Hydration
    Water Balance at Rest and During Exercise
    Effects of Hypohydration on Physiological Function
    Electrolyte Balance During Exercise
    Effects of Hypohydration on Performance
    Fluid Replacement During Exercise
    Review Questions

    Chapter 19. Dietary Supplementation
    Dietary Supplement Regulation
    Dietary Supplements for Muscle Growth and Strength–Power Development
    ? -Hydroxy- ?-Methylbutyrate
    Dietary Supplements for Intracellular and Intercellular Buffering
    Dietary Supplements for Energy
    Popular Dietary Supplements That May Have Ergogenic Potential
    Review Questions

    Chapter 20. Performance-Enhancing Drugs
    Anabolic Steroids
    Testosterone Precursors
    Masking Agents
    Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
    Growth Hormone
    Thyroid Drugs
    Central Nervous System Stimulants
    Site Enhancement Drugs
    Blood Doping
    Review Questions

    Part IV. Environmental Factors

    Chapter 21. Heat
    Physiological Response to Exercise in the Heat
    Heat and Performance
    Heat Acclimatization
    Heat Illnesses
    Monitoring Heat Stress
    Heat Stress Indices
    Review Questions

    Chapter 22. Cold
    Cold Stress: Factors Contributing to Heat Loss
    Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold
    Acclimatization to the Cold
    Exercise Performance and the Cold
    Medical Concerns
    Review Questions

    Chapter 23. Altitude
    The Hypobaric Environment
    Physiological Response to Altitude
    Effect of Altitude on Athletic Performance
    Altitude Acclimatization
    Chronic Altitude Exposure and Benefits for Endurance Performance
    Training at Altitude for Improved Performance at Altitude
    Training at Altitude for Improved Performance at Sea Level
    Simulated Altitude and Ethical Issues
    Clinical Problems Associated With Acute Exposure to Altitude
    Review Questions

    Part V. Medical and Health Conditions

    Chapter 24. Overtraining
    Definitions of Overtraining
    Contributing Factors
    Comparison of Endurance and Strength–Power Athletes
    Susceptibility to Overtraining
    Recognition of Overtraining
    Methods Used to Monitor Athletic Performance
    Treatment of Overtraining
    Review Questions

    Chapter 25. Diabetes
    Overview of Diabetes Mellitus
    Exercise and Diabetes
    Exercise Prescription for Athletes With Diabetes
    Exercise Prescription for Noncompetitive, Recreational Athletes With Diabetes
    Review Questions

    Chapter 26. Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm
    What Is Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm?
    Pathophysiology of EIB
    Diagnosis of EIB
    Factors Modifying the Asthmatic Response to Exercise
    Treatment of EIB
    How to Exercise With Asthma (Nonpharmacologic Therapy)
    Review Questions

    Chapter 27. Sudden Death in Sports
     Sickle Cell Trait
    Exertional Heatstroke
    Cardiac Events
    Traumatic Brain Injury
    Review Questions

    About the Author

    About the Author

    Jay Hoffman, PhD, is the director of the Institute of Exercise Physiology and Wellness and a professor of sport and exercise science at the University of Central Florida. He is also the chair of the education and human sciences department. Long recognized as an expert in the field of exercise physiology, Hoffman has more than 190 publications in refereed journals, book chapters, and books, and he has lectured at more than 370 national and international conferences and meetings. A former professional athlete, Hoffman has coached elite athletes and conducted research on them throughout his professional career. This combination of the practical and the theoretical provides him with a unique perspective on writing for both coaches and academic faculty.

    Hoffman was elected president of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) in 2009. He was awarded the 2005 Outstanding Kinesiological Professional Award by the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut, the 2007 Outstanding Sport Scientist of the Year by the NSCA, and the 2000 Outstanding Junior Investigator Award by the NSCA. A fellow of both the American College of Sports Medicine and National Strength and Conditioning Association, Hoffman is the editor of NSCA’s Guide to Program Design (Human Kinetics, 2012) and the author of Norms for Fitness, Performance, and Health (Human Kinetics, 2006). He earned his PhD in exercise science from the University of Connecticut.


    “There is little that this book does not offer to readers looking for an evidence-based book on athlete performance and exercise science. The author is well respected in the field and offers a high-quality book supported by the latest in peer-reviewed evidence.”

    --Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)


    Free to course adopters and available at

    Image bank. Contains all of the content photos, figures, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. The image bank can be used to enhance lecture notes, build a PowerPoint presentation, and create student handouts.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-6504-5

    Web resource. Features 80 drills and detailed instruction on performing each drill. The drills can be used for a dynamic warm-up, for enhancing speed and agility, and for plyometrics. Most drills are accompanied by at least one photo showing how to perform a key movement of the drill. Forty of the drills are accompanied by a video of the drill performed in its entirety, and a dynamic warm-up routine video features 10 warm-up exercises.

    The web resource is also available for purchase separately • ISBN 978-1-4504-6512-0