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Neuromechanics of Human Movement 5th Edition PDF

Neuromechanics of Human Movement 5th Edition PDF

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    Neuromechanics of Human Movement, Fifth Edition, draws on the disciplines of neurophysiology and physics to explore how the nervous system controls the actions of muscles to produce human motion. This contemporary approach is much different from the traditional approach, which focuses solely on mechanics and does not consider the role of the sensorimotor system in the control of human movement. Authored by Roger Enoka, a widely recognized and esteemed scholar in neuromechanics, this influential text is an essential resource in biomechanics, motor learning, and applied physiology, making complex information accessible to students.

    With material based on updated research in the field, this fifth edition provides a scientific foundation to the study of human movement, and as such it uses precise terms and definitions when discussing ideas. An appendix showcases both the base and derived units of the metric system as well as other learning tools, including a glossary of terms and a comprehensive list of the equations presented throughout the text. The text includes 70 practical learning examples, giving students the opportunity to work through a variety of problems and explore current research and applications. Content is visually reinforced with 341 figures, including specific illustrations of the neuromechanics involved in sport and rehabilitation movements. References have been streamlined and moved to the end of each chapter to improve readability. And instructors will benefit from an image bank that includes most of the figures and tables from the text to use in course materials.

    Significant content updates in the fifth edition present information relevant for both research and clinical environments, including more contemporary examples throughout the text and a new chapter on movement analysis. The following are additional key changes:

    • New figures that highlight and clarify key points

    • New information on energy costs

    • Debunking the concept of motor unit types

    • Detailed information on the center of mass trajectory

    • Explanation of neuromodulation

    • Additional content on PET imaging to help examine activity intensity

    To encourage a comprehensive learning experience, this updated edition follows a logical progression where each part builds on the material from the previous section. It begins with an introduction to the biomechanical terms and concepts commonly used to describe movement, focusing on the relation between force and motion. Part II deals with the motor system and introduces essential concepts from neurophysiology required for understanding how movement is produced by the nervous system. Part III focuses on adaptability of the motor system, including the acute and chronic changes that can occur in response to deviations in an individual’s level of physical activity.

    The fifth edition of Neuromechanics of Human Movement provides a scientific basis for the study of human movement while continuing to expand current knowledge in the fields of biomechanics and neurophysiology. By integrating these fields in a unique framework, this text offers professionals and students both valuable clinical information and inspiration to deepen their study of human movement.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. The Force–Motion Relationship

    Chapter 1. Describing Motion

    Measurement Rules

    Motion Descriptors

    Constant Acceleration

    Up and Down

    Scalars and Vectors

    Linear and Angular Motion

    Curve Fitting and Smoothing

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 2. Movement Forces

    Laws of Motion

    Describing Forces in Human Movement

    Forces Due to Body Mass

    Forces Due to the Surroundings

    Musculoskeletal Forces

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 3. Movement Analysis

    Static Analysis

    Dynamic Analysis

    Momentum

    Work

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 4. Running, Jumping, and Throwing

    Walking and Running

    Jumping

    Throwing and Kicking

    Summary

    References

    Part II. The Motor System

    Chapter 5. Excitable Membranes

    Essentials of Electricity

    Resting Membrane Potential

    Neurons

    Synaptic Transmission

    Electromyography

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 6. Muscle and Motor Units

    Muscle

    Excitation–Contraction Coupling

    Motor Unit

    Muscle Mechanics

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 7. Neural Control of Movement

    Spinal Reflexes

    Automatic Behaviors

    Voluntary Actions

    Summary

    References

    Part III. Adaptability of the Motor System

    Chapter 8. Acute Adjustments

    Warm-Up Effects

    Flexibility

    Muscle Soreness and Damage

    Fatigue

    Muscle Potentiation

    Arousal

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 9. Chronic Adaptations

    Muscle Strength

    Muscle Power

    Adaptations to Reduced Use

    Motor Recovery After Nervous System Injury

    Adaptations With Age

    Summary

    References

    About the Author

    Roger M. Enoka is professor in the department of integrative physiology at the University of Colorado Boulder and a professor in the departments of medicine (geriatrics) and neurology at the University of Colorado Denver. He is also the director of the Neurophysiology of Movement Lab. Previously he was a biomechanist in the department of biomedical engineering at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and a professor in the department of physiology at the University of Arizona.

    For more than 30 years, Enoka has focused his research and teaching on the combination of biomechanics and neurophysiology of movement. Internationally known for his achievements as a teacher and researcher, Enoka is the author of approximately 350 journal articles, books, chapters, reviews, and abstracts, including the frequently cited article “Neurobiology of Muscle Fatigue” published in the Journal of Applied Physiology. He is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, American Physiological Society, International Society of Biomechanics, and Society for Neuroscience. He is also a past president and current member of the American Society of Biomechanics.

    Reviews

    “This remains a leading book for the study of integrated neurophysiology and biomechanics at the upper-collegiate level. Readers who have prior knowledge in this field will find the content challenging, while highly educational.”

    --Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)

    Ancillaries

    All ancillary materials are free to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/NeuromechanicsOfHumanMovement.

    Image bank. Includes most of the figures and tables from the book separated by chapter. The images are provided as separate files for easy insertion into tests, handouts, slide presentations, and other course materials.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4504-9810-4