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Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation

Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation

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    Book

    Through Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation, students will be able to achieve these objectives:
    • Gain a 21st-century vision of the profession provided by leading thinkers in the field
    • Learn the attributes and skills they need in order to thrive in various career paths in the profession
    • Interact through the text, technology, and media responses to more thoroughly understand the field and profession


    Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation provides readers with a comprehensive introduction to the profession. The book draws on the combined wisdom, experience, and technical expertise of 23 professors and leaders in the field. From these contributors, readers gain access to diverse perceptions, philosophies, and practices for therapeutic recreation in the 21st century.

    The book showcases how the profession addresses various clients’ needs throughout the life span through therapeutic programs, modalities, and activities. It also
    • presents a wide range of applications, allowing readers to explore their personal and professional options;
    • provides insight into the basic knowledge, attributes, and skills students need in order to thrive in the field; and
    • delineates career paths in the profession and how a therapeutic recreation specialist works with various populations.


    Edited by Dr. Terry Robertson and Dr. Terry Long, Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation has a comprehensive vision. The contributors present the broad scope of therapeutic recreation as research and practice across a diverse demographic of clients and consumers. The contributing authors explore various perspectives on therapeutic recreation and present standards and certification information that prepare students for the profession.

    Part I defines therapeutic recreation as a profession and provides an overview of its history and of the professional opportunities available. Part I also explores the profession’s person-first philosophy and outlines the therapeutic recreation process as well as its models and modalities of practice and its allied professions.

    Part II delves into trends and issues, looking at demographics, economics, politics, and legislation as they affect the profession. It details international issues and paradoxes and concludes with future perspectives.

    Part III examines mechanisms for intervention from a number of perspectives, including orthopedic and neurological impairment, developmental disabilities, mental health, youth development, aging, and wellness.

    Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation contains chapter discussion questions to expand students’ learning as well as Outstanding Professionals and Client Portraits sections to help students gain insight into various career paths. The book is accompanied by an instructor guide, PowerPoint presentations, and a test package available via the text’s Web site to support the classroom instruction and enhance learning.

    The entire package gives students a solid grounding in the profession as it is today and a clear understanding of where the profession is headed tomorrow.

    Audience

    Text for an introductory course for therapeutic recreation majors and minors.

    Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgments

    Part I. Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation
    Chapter 1. Considering Therapeutic Recreation as Your Profession
    Terry Robertson, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University, and Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
    What Is Therapeutic Recreation?
    A Diverse Profession
    Choosing a Profession
    Summary

    Chapter 2. History of Therapeutic Recreation
    Rodney Dieser, PhD, University of Northern Iowa
    Importance of History
    Origins of the Therapeutic Recreation Profession (Late 1700s—Mid-1900s)
    Philosophical Battles in Therapeutic Recreation (1945—1965)
    The Utopian Years of Therapeutic Recreation (1966—1984)
    The Fragmentation Years of Therapeutic Recreation (1985—Present)
    Summary

    Chapter 3. Professional Opportunities in Therapeutic Recreation
    Michal Anne Lord, PhD, Texas Parks and Recreation Society
    Characteristics of a Profession
    Professional Preparation in Therapeutic Recreation
    Professional Opportunities
    Professional Organizations
    Professional Networking
    Summary

    Chapter 4. Person-First Philosophy in Therapeutic Recreation
    Mary Ann Devine, EdD, CTRS, Kent State University
    Who Is the Person With a Disability?
    Person-First Philosophy
    Using Person-First Philosophy
    Attitudes Toward People With Disabilities
    Service Delivery
    Summary

    Chapter 5. Places, Models, and Modalities of Practice
    Richard Williams, EdD, CTRS, East Carolina University
    Settings
    Practice Models
    Therapeutic Recreation Treatment Modalities
    Summary

    Part II. Potential Areas of Practice
    Chapter 6. The Therapeutic Recreation Process
    Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
    Assessment
    Planning
    Implementation
    Evaluation
    Summary

    Chapter 7. Allied Professions
    Frederick P. Green, PhD, University of Southern Mississippi, and Tanya E. McAdory, M.S., CTRS, CPRP, National Recreation and Park Association
    Child Life Specialist
    Art Therapy
    Music Therapy
    Dietetics
    Kinesiotherapy
    Athletic Training
    Nursing
    Occupational Therapy
    Physical Therapy
    Psychiatry
    Psychology
    Social Work
    Speech–Language Pathology and Audiology
    Summary

    Chapter 8. Orthopedic and Neurological Impairment: From Rehabilitation to Community Reentry
    Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University and Terry Robertson, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
    Common Diagnostic Groups in Rehabilitation
    Common Therapeutic Recreation Modalities in Rehabilitation
    Best Practice Issues
    Summary

    Chapter 9. Therapeutic Recreation and Developmental Disabilities
    Alice Foose, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University and Patricia Ardovino, PhD, CTRS, CPRP, University of Wisconsin at La Crosse
    What Are Developmental Disabilities?
    Practice Settings
    Intellectual Impairment
    Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD)
    Cerebral Palsy
    Spina Bifida
    Duchene Muscular Dystrophy
    Best Practices
    Other Developmental Disabilities
    Summary


    Chapter 10. Therapeutic Recreation and Mental Health
    Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
    Components of a Healthy Mind
    What Is a Mental Disorder?
    Role of Therapeutic Recreation in Treating Mental Disorders
    Levels of Care in Mental Health
    Diagnostic Categories
    Theoretical Considerations
    Mental Health and Secondary Disabilities
    Common Therapeutic Recreation Modalities for Mental Health
    Summary

    Chapter 11. Youth Development and Therapeutic Recreation
    Sydney L. Sklar, PhD, CTRS, University of St. Francis, and Cari E. Autry, PhD, CTRS, Arizona State University
    At-Risk Youth
    Purpose of Therapeutic Recreation in Positive Youth Development
    Theories That Guide Therapeutic Recreation Practice
    Scope of Therapeutic Recreation Practice
    Settings and Opportunities for Therapeutic Recreation
    Special Concerns
    Issues and Trends in Youth Development and Therapeutic Recreation
    Summary

    Chapter 12. Aging and the Life Span
    Judith E. Voelkl, PhD, CTRS, Clemson University, and Begum Aybar-Damali, MS, Clemson University
    Whom Do We Work With?
    Theories of Successful Aging
    Where Might We Work?
    Long-Term Care Strategies
    Summary

    Part III. Trends in Therapeutic Recreation
    Chapter 13. Wellness Through Physical Activity
    Sheila Swann-Guerrero, CTRS, National Center on Physical Activity and Disability, and Chris Mackey, BS., CP, North Carolina Office on Disability and Health FPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Whom Do We Work With?
    Where Are Such Programs Provided?
    Defining Physical Activity
    Disability and Inactivity
    Considerations for Using Physical Activity in Therapeutic Recreation
    Basics of Exercise and Disability
    Components of Exercise
    Accessibility
    Disability-Specific Recommendations
    Summary

    Chapter 14. Demographics, Economics, Politics, and Legislation
    John McGovern, JD, CTRS, Northern Suburban Special Recreation Association, Northbrook, Illinois
    It’s All About Relationships!
    Demographics of Disability
    Economics of Disability and Therapeutic Recreation
    Politics and Therapeutic Recreation
    The Legislative Process and Therapeutic Recreation
    Current Legislation and Therapeutic Recreation
    Summary

    Chapter 15. A Global Perspective of Therapeutic Recreation
    David Howard, PhD, CTRS, Indiana State University, Rodney Dieser, PhD, University of Northern Iowa, Heewon Yang, PhD, CTRS, Southern Illinois University, Shane Pegg, PhD, Senior Lecturer, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, and Julie Lammel, PhD, Lock Haven University
    WHO, the ICF, and Implications for Therapeutic Recreation
    Considering Therapeutic Recreation in Other Nations
    Therapeutic Recreation in Canada
    Therapeutic Recreation in South Korea
    Therapeutic Recreation in Australia
    Working as a CTRS in Switzerland
    Summary

    Chapter 16. Paradoxes in Leisure Services and Therapeutic Recreation
    Jesse Dixon, PhD, San Diego State University
    The Paradox of Confusing Leisure or Recreation With Achievement Behavior
    The Paradox of Applying the Terms Leisure and Recreation With People Who Demonstrate an Inequity
    The Paradox of Playful Assimilation Behavior and Adult Accommodation Behavior
    The Paradox of Similar Motivations in the Context of Leisure and the Context of Achievement
    The Paradox of Promoting the Quality of Leisure and Serving the Bottom Line of a Budget
    The Paradox of Choice for Leisure and Achievement
    The Paradox of Leisure as a Zero-Order Behavior
    Summary

    Chapter 17. Envisioning the Future: Therapeutic Recreation as a Profession
    Terry Robertson, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
    Embracing Our History
    Emergence of a Global Society
    The Future of Therapeutic Recreation as a Profession
    Finding the Optimal Perspective
    Summary

    Appendix A National Therapeutic Recreation Society Standards of Practice
    Appendix B American Therapeutic Recreation Association Standards of Practice
    Glossary
    References
    Index
    About the Editors
    About the Contributors

    About the Editor

    Terry Robertson, PhD, is an associate professor and department chair in the department of health, physical education, recreation, and dance at Northwest Missouri State University. He has worked in therapeutic recreation for over 30 years as a practitioner, consultant, and educator.

    Dr. Robertson is a past president of the National Therapeutic Recreation Society, the regional independent living center, the Missouri Therapeutic Recreation Society, and the Nevada Therapeutic Recreation Society. He also served on the Utah Therapeutic Recreation Licensure for 6 years and was the director of CEUs for the Midwest Symposium on Therapeutic Recreation for over 20 years. Dr. Robertson is currently serving a 4-year, publicly elected term on his county's health board and has served on numerous other boards and in other leadership capacities for related organizations. He is currently serving locally on his county's organization for group homes. Dr. Robertson was also a codeveloper of the Case Histories section of the Therapeutic Recreation Journal. Currently known as Practice Perspectives, this section helps the profession examine individual and group interventions and contributes information on best practices, interventions, and treatment concerns to research literature.

    Terry Long, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of health, physical education, recreation, and dance at Northwest Missouri State University, where he has coordinated the therapeutic recreation curriculum since 2000. He is also the director of the HPERD Abilities Laboratory. His specialty is applications of therapeutic recreation in the mental health realm, particularly in the area of behavior disorders. Dr. Long also has a master's degree in clinical psychology and worked with various mental health agencies and facilities over the past 10 years in both clinical and outdoor settings.

    Dr. Long is an associate editor for Therapeutic Recreation Journal and an associate editor for SCHOLE. He is past president of the Missouri Therapeutic Recreation Society, at-large director for the National Therapeutic Recreation Society Board of Directors (2006-2008 term), and the board president for the independent living center serving the Northwest Region of Missouri. He is past president of the Missouri Park and Recreation Association Educators Section.

    Ancillaries

    Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation Instructor Guide. Includes key topics and presentation tips as well as activities designed to provide students with learning experiences in which they can apply and interact with the content addressed in each chapter of the book.

    Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation Test Package. The Test Package consists of ready-made test questions that feature multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, and short-answer questions covering the content from all chapters.

    Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation Presentation Package. Presents slides covering all 17 chapters in PowerPoint® format.

    All ancillaries are free to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/FoundationsofTherapeuticRecreation.