Physical Education for Children With Moderate to Severe Disabilities
For students with moderate to severe disabilities, instruction in physical education can be a challenge. Many teachers struggle with understanding these students’ complex needs, selecting appropriate content, and finding ways to motivate these students. While many educators consider the social aspects of inclusion a priority, the authors in this text stress active engagement with the curriculum and the use of grade-level outcomes to adapt learning for students with a range of abilities. One thing is certain: The keys to making physical education a positive learning experience are the physical education teachers and adapted physical education teachers who work with these students. This text is for you!
Edited by experienced educators with expertise in general and adapted physical education programming, Physical Education for Children With Moderate to Severe Disabilities will serve as a valuable resource:
• Offers comprehensive strategies for instruction, assessment, communication, collaborative practices, peer supports, and effective use of paraeducators
• Describes unique equipment modifications and alternative programming suggestions
• Includes sample lesson plans and assessments that you can use as is or use as models to create your own
• Is applicable for children with moderate to severe disabilities in general physical education classes and self-contained PE environments
Physical Education for Children With Moderate to Severe Disabilities was written by a team of higher education professionals, practicing physical educators, and adapted PE teachers. These contributors combine to bring a rich diversity and a variety of perspectives that ensure the content is relevant to all teachers. Through this comprehensive text, you will be able to make sure you are complying with the legal requirements associated with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act and the Every Student Succeeds Act, which require that children with disabilities be given the same opportunities for meaningful physical education as other children.
The text is organized into three parts. Part I provides foundational information on key adapted physical education issues, including Universal Design for Learning, collaborative processes, assessment strategies, communication practices, and how to use peer tutors and paraeducators in physical education.
Part II helps you acquire the skills you need to teach students with disabilities. The five chapters in this section will help you understand sensory integration theory, develop foundational skills, put your plan into action, and understand your role and the paraeducator’s role in disability sport. You’ll also learn how to establish and assess disability sport, how to program for and assess students in aquatics, and how to help students transition to recreational opportunities in the community.
In Part III, you receive a blueprint for implementing successful activities at all levels. Included are team sports and target games (track and field, basketball, golf, bowling, and more) as well as lifetime activities (bicycling, tennis, personal fitness planning, and more).
The result is a resource that provides all the information and guidance you need to deliver appropriate physical education to children wiith moderate to severe disabilities. The book will inspire you to consider the unlimited avenues for participation in sport and physical activity for all your students—even those with the most severe disabilities.
Reference for K-12 physical education teachers, adapted physical educators, direct service providers, related service providers, parents, and district administrators. Supplemental undergraduate text for physical education and adapted physical education teaching methods courses.
Table of Contents
Part I: Best Practices for Engaging All Students
Chapter 1: Understanding Severe Disabilities and Universal Design for Learning
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Universal Design for Learning
Chapter 2: Collaborative Processes in Physical Education
The Practice of Collaboration
Becoming Part of the Education Team
Developing Adapted Physical Education Goals Through Shared Goals
Steps in the Collaborative Process
Chapter 3: Assessment Strategies
Functional Assessment of Students With Severe Disabilities
Task Analysis Assessment
Ecological Task Analysis
Basic Skills Assessment
Chapter 4: Communication Practices That Enhance Participation
Considerations for Communication Practices in Physical Education
Types of Communication Practices
Chapter 5: Peer Tutoring
Selecting Peer Tutors
Training Peer Tutors
Evaluating the Tutoring Experience
Chapter 6: Paraeducators in Physical Education
Understanding the Paraeducator’s Role
Training for Paraeducators
Ideas for Acknowledging Paraeducators’ Contributions
Chapter 7: Creating Accessible Equipment
Adapting Equipment With SENSE
Six Ss for Adapting Equipment
Part II: Participation for All in Sport Activities
Chapter 8: Foundational Skills and Sensory Integration
Understanding Sensory Integration Theory
Developing Foundational Skills
Putting Your Plan Into Action
Chapter 9: Disability Sport in Physical Education
Sport Opportunities for Children With Severe Disabilities
Role of the Teacher and Coach in Disability Sport
Chapter 10: Modified Programming in Physical Education
Establishing Disability Sports Within the Physical Education Curriculum
Assessment in Disability Sport
Chapter 11: Transitioning to Recreational Opportunities Beyond School
Transition Services and Individuals’ Rights
Initiating the Transition Plan
Transition Processes in Physical Education
Training Personnel for Community-Based Programs
Chapter 12: Aquatics for Children With Disabilities
Benefits of Aquatics
Medical Issues, Precautions, and Safety Issues
Assessment in Aquatics
Planning Goals and Objectives
Teaching and Safety Strategies
Transitioning to Aquatics in the Community
Part III: Sample Lessons Using Universal Design for Learning
Chapter 13: Team Sports and Target Games
Basketball: Spot Remover
Hockey: Rip Off
Track and Field: Hurdling
Golf: Alien Invasion
Throlf (Throwing Golf)
Bowling for Junk
Bowling for Bucks
Archery: Safety First
Archery: Add It Up
Chapter 14: Lifetime and Health-Related Activities
Hand Function Challenges
Hand Functions for Sports
Climbing Wall: Periwinkle Rescue
Bicycling: Rules of the Road
Tennis: Forehand Stroke
Personal Fitness Plan
About the Editor
Michelle Grenier, PhD, is an associate professor and coordinator of the health and physical education program and adapted physical education program at the University of New Hampshire. She has substantial experience working in the field of physical education and utilizing inclusive strategies for students with disabilities. She is an accomplished researcher and is editor of the text Physical Education for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Dr. Grenier is internationally recognized for her work on inclusion and has presented throughout the United States. She enjoys running, cycling, swimming, and traveling the world to meet others who share her professional and personal interests.
Lauren J. Lieberman, PhD, is a distinguished service professor at The College at Brockport, State University of New York. She has taught higher education since 1995 and previously taught in the Deafblind Program at Perkins School for the Blind. She is fluent in sign language and used sign as her language in earning her PhD. She infuses sign language throughout her courses.
Lieberman has written 18 books on adapted physical education and more than 118 peer-reviewed articles. She started Camp Abilities, an overnight educational sports camp for children with visual impairments. This camp is now replicated in 18 states and eight countries.
Lieberman is past chair of the Adapted Physical Activity Council (APAC). She is currently on the board of the division of recreation and sport for the Association for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER), and she serves on the board of the United States Association of Blind Athletes (USABA). She acts as a consultant for the New York Deaf-Blind Collaborative. In her leisure time, she enjoys playing Ultimate Frisbee, biking, running, kayaking, hiking, reading, and playing the guitar.