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Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology 7th Edition PDF With Web Study Guide

Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology 7th Edition PDF With Web Study Guide

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    The leading textbook in sport and exercise psychology is back in a revised seventh edition, and it again raises the bar with its engaging introduction to the field. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Seventh Edition With Web Study Guide, offers both students and new practitioners a comprehensive view of sport and exercise psychology, drawing connections between research and practice and capturing the excitement of the world of sport and exercise.

    Internationally respected authors Robert Weinberg and Daniel Gould continue to gather and incorporate feedback from teachers and students with each edition, building a text that addresses emerging trends and remains relevant and up to date. In-depth learning aids have been refreshed, including chapter objectives and summaries, sidebars, key terms, key points, and discussion questions to help students think more critically about applying the material. Other updates to the seventh edition include the following:
    • A new chapter on diversity and inclusion addressing topics related to gender, ethnicity, race, sexual orientation, and disability
    • New content on popular and emerging areas such as grit, mindfulness, organizational sport psychology, and technology in sport psychology
    • Additional modern-day practical examples and anecdotes to better illustrate concepts
    • Updated references, including more contemporary sources
    Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology provides students with a unique learning experience—taking them on a journey through the field’s origins, key concepts, research development, and career options available in the field. After this introduction to the field, the text shifts focus to personal factors that affect performance and behavior in sport, physical education, and exercise settings. It augments those concepts by factoring in situational circumstances that influence behavior, group interaction and processes, and the use of psychological techniques to help people perform more effectively. Students will gain critical insights into the role psychological factors play in health and exercise and the psychological consequences of participation in sport and physical activity, including children’s psychological development through sport participation, aggression in sport, and moral development and good sporting behavior in sport and physical activity contexts.

    The updated web study guide serves as an important learning tool to support the educational journey. With more than 100 engaging activities, it allows students to apply the concepts from the text by completing activities for each chapter:
    • Use actual sport and exercise psychology instruments to assess their skills
    • Determine how to respond to real-life scenarios (with short answers or essays)
    • Review research studies and experiments
    • Search the Internet for relevant information
    • Apply and test their understanding of principles and concepts of sport and exercise psychology
    Many of the study guide activities offer compelling audio and video clips that reveal how sport psychology consultants communicate with athletes and coaches to improve athletic experiences. These clips feature esteemed experts from the field discussing concepts that they have studied and refined during their professional careers.

    To further emphasize practical application, the activities can be integrated throughout a full semester, turning course units into a unified whole that builds upon itself for greater understanding of the field.

    In addition to the web study guide, instructors will have access to a full suite of ancillaries: an instructor guide, test package, chapter quizzes, and presentation package plus image bank. Plus instructors have access to a special instructor video library featuring more than 120 video clips.

    The updated seventh edition of Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology continues to ensure that students are well equipped—and excited—to enter the field of sport psychology, fully prepared for the challenges they may encounter as well as the possibilities.


    Introductory textbook for sport and exercise psychology courses; ideal for students pursuing a career as a sport psychologist, coach, physical educator, fitness instructor, athletic trainer, physical therapist, or sports medicine professional. Also a reference for libraries and sport psychologists.

    Table of Contents

    To the Instructor
    To the Student
    Part I. Beginning Your Journey
    Chapter 1. Welcome to Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Defining Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Specializing in Sport Psychology
    Distinguishing Between Two Specialties
    Reviewing the History of Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Focusing on Sport and Exercise Psychology Around the World
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 2. Science and Professional Practice of Sport and Exercise Psychology
    Bridging Science and Practice
    Choosing From Many Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations
    Understanding Present and Future Trends
    Learning Aids

    Part II. Learning About Participants
    Chapter 3. Personality and Sport
    Defining Personality
    Understanding Personality Structure
    Studying Personality From Six Viewpoints
    Measuring Personality
    Using Psychological Measures
    Focusing on Personality Research
    Examining Cognitive Strategies and Success
    Identifying Your Role in Understanding Personality
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 4. Motivation
    Defining Motivation
    Reviewing Three Approaches to Motivation
    Building Motivation With Five Guidelines
    Developing a Realistic View of Motivation
    Understanding Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
    Identifying Four Theories of Achievement Motivation
    Developing Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
    Using Achievement Motivation in Professional Practice
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 5. Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety
    Defining Arousal and Anxiety
    Measuring Arousal and Anxiety
    Defining Stress and Understanding the Stress Process
    Identifying Sources of Stress and Anxiety
    Connecting Arousal and Anxiety to Performance
    Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice
    Learning Aids

    Part III. Understanding Sport and Exercise Environments
    Chapter 6. Competition and Cooperation
    Defining Competition and Cooperation
    Viewing Competition as a Process
    Reviewing Studies of Competition and Cooperation
    Determining Whether Competition Is Good or Bad
    Enhancing Cooperation
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 7. Feedback, Reinforcement, and Intrinsic Motivation
    Principles of Reinforcement
    Approaches to Influencing Behavior
    Guidelines for Using Positive Reinforcement
    Guidelines for Using Punishment
    Behavior Modification in Sport
    Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy
    Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards
    Cognitive Evaluation Theory
    How Extrinsic Rewards Affect Intrinsic Motivation in Sport
    Strategies for Increasing Intrinsic Motivation
    Flow—A Special Case of Intrinsic Motivation
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 8. Diversity and Inclusion
    Definition of Culture, Diversity, Inclusion, and Cultural Competence
    Diversity and Inclusion Research in Sport and Exercise
    Benefits of Diversity and Inclusion
    Strategies for Diversifying Sport and Physical Activity and Creating Inclusive Environments
    Learning Aids

    Part IV. Focusing on Group Processes
    Chapter 9. Team Dynamics and Cohesion
    Recognizing the Difference Between Groups and Teams
    Identifying Three Theories of Group Development
    Understanding Group Structure
    Creating an Effective Team Climate
    Maximizing Individual Performance in Team Sports
    Definition of Cohesion
    Conceptual Model of Cohesion
    Tools for Measuring Cohesion
    Relationship Between Cohesion and Performance
    Other Factors Associated With Cohesion
    Strategies for Enhancing Cohesion
    Guidelines for Building Team Cohesion
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 10. Leadership
    Definition of Leadership
    Approaches to Studying Leadership
    Sport-Oriented Interactional Approaches to Leadership
    Research on the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership
    Leadership Training Interventions
    Four Components of Effective Leadership
    The Art of Leadership
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 11. Communication
    Understanding the Communication Process
    Sending Messages Effectively
    Receiving Messages Effectively
    Recognizing Breakdowns in Communication
    Improving Communication
    Dealing With Confrontation and Conflict
    Delivering Constructive Criticism
    Learning Aids

    Part V. Improving Performance
    Chapter 12. Introduction to Psychological Skills Training
    What Psychological Skills Training Entails
    Why PST Is Important
    Why Sport and Exercise Participants Neglect PST
    Myths About PST
    PST Knowledge Base
    PST Effectiveness
    Three Phases of PST Programs
    Self-Regulation: The Ultimate Goal of PST
    Who Should Conduct PST Programs
    When to Implement a PST Program
    PST Program Development
    Common Problems in Implementing PST Programs
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 13. Arousal Regulation
    Increasing Self-Awareness of Arousal
    Using Anxiety Reduction Techniques
    Exploring the Matching Hypothesis
    Coping With Adversity
    Using Arousal-Inducing Techniques
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 14. Imagery
    Defining Imagery
    Uses of Imagery
    Evidence of Imagery’s Effectiveness
    Imagery in Sport: Where, When, Why, and What
    Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Imagery
    How Imagery Works
    Keys to Effective Imagery
    How to Develop an Imagery Training Program
    When to Use Imagery
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 15. Self-Confidence
    Defining Self-Confidence
    Understanding How Expectations Influence Performance
    Examining Self-Efficacy Theory
    Assessing Self-Confidence
    Building Self-Confidence
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 16. Goal Setting
    Definition of Goals
    Effectiveness of Goal Setting
    Principles of Goal Setting
    Development of Group Goals
    Design of a Goal-Setting System
    Common Problems in Goal Setting
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 17. Concentration
    Defining Concentration
    Explaining Attentional Focus: Three Processes
    Connecting Concentration to Optimal Performance
    Identifying Types of Attentional Focus
    Recognizing Attentional Problems
    Using Self-Talk to Enhance Concentration
    Assessing Attentional Skills
    Improving Concentration
    Learning Aids

    Part VI. Enhancing Health and Well-Being
    Chapter 18. Exercise and Psychological Well-Being
    Reducing Anxiety and Depression With Exercise
    Understanding the Effect of Exercise on Psychological Well-Being
    Changing Personality and Cognitive Functioning With Exercise
    Enhancing Quality of Life With Exercise
    Examining the Runner’s High
    Using Exercise as an Adjunct to Therapy
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 19. Exercise Behavior and Adherence
    Reasons to Exercise
    Reasons for Not Exercising
    Problem of Exercise Adherence
    Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior
    Determinants of Exercise Adherence
    Settings for Exercise Interventions
    Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
    Guidelines for Improving Exercise Adherence
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 20. Athletic Injuries and Psychology
    What Is Injury?
    Causes of Injury
    Relationship Between Stress and Injury
    Other Psychologically Based Explanations for Injury
    Psychological Reactions to Exercise and Athletic Injuries
    Role of Sport Psychology in Injury Rehabilitation
    Identify Athletes and Exercisers Who Are at Risk for Injury
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 21. Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors
    Eating Disorders
    Substance Abuse
    Addiction to Exercise
    Compulsive Gambling
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 22. Burnout and Overtraining
    Definitions of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
    Frequency of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
    Models of Burnout
    Factors Leading to Athlete Overtraining and Burnout
    Symptoms of Overtraining and Burnout
    Ways to Measure Burnout
    Burnout in Sport Professionals
    Treatment and Prevention of Burnout
    Learning Aids

    Part VII. Facilitating Psychological Growth and Development
    Chapter 23. Children and Sport Psychology
    Importance of Studying the Psychology of Young Athletes
    Children’s Reasons for Participation and Nonparticipation
    Role of Friends in Youth Sport
    Stress and Burnout in Children’s Competitive Sport
    Effective Coaching Practices for Young Athletes
    Role of Parents
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 24. Aggression in Sport
    Defining Aggression
    Understanding the Causes of Aggression
    Examining Aggression in Sport
    Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice
    Learning Aids
    Chapter 25. Character Development and Good Sporting Behavior
    Defining Character, Fair Play, and Good Sporting Behavior
    Developing Character and Good Sporting Behavior
    Examining Moral Development Research
    Understanding the Connection Between Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior
    Hazing and Bullying in Sport
    Studying the Connection Between Character Development and Physical Activity
    Guiding Practice in Character Development
    Learning Aids
    Continuing Your Journey
    About the Authors

    About the Author

    Robert S. Weinberg, PhD, is a professor in the department of physical education, health, and sport studies at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He has more than 40 years of experience in both the scholarly and applied aspects of sport psychology. He has written numerous research articles, including more than 150 refereed articles in scholarly journals, as well as books, book chapters, and applied articles for coaches, athletes, and exercisers.

    Weinberg was voted one of the top 10 sport psychologists in North America by his peers. He is past president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) and of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP). He is also a certified AASP consultant, consulting with athletes of all sports and ages.

    Weinberg was named a Distinguished Scholar at Miami University in 2005. In addition, he was the editor of the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology and was voted Outstanding Faculty Member in the School of Education and Allied Professions at Miami University in 1998. In his leisure time, he enjoys playing tennis, traveling, and gardening.

    Daniel Gould, PhD, is the director of the Institute for the Study of Youth Sports and a professor in the department of kinesiology at Michigan State University. He has taught sport psychology for more than 35 years. An active researcher, Gould was the founding coeditor of The Sport Psychologist and has published more than 200 articles on sport psychology. He is best known for conducting applied research that links research and practice.

    Gould was voted one of the top 10 sport psychology specialists in North America and is internationally known, having presented his work in more than 30 countries. When on the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, he received the university’s coveted Alumni Teaching Excellence Award, an all-campus teaching honor. He is certified as a consultant by the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) and is a member of the United States Olympic Committee Sport Psychology Registry.

    Gould is the former president of AASP and SHAPE America’s Sport Psychology Academy. In addition to teaching sport psychology, he is extensively involved in coaching education, from youth sports to Olympic competition. He also serves as a mental skills training consultant for professional, Olympic, and world-class athletes. In recent years he has served as an executive coach for business leaders interested in enhancing their organizations’ performance.

    He lives in Okemos, Michigan, with his wife, Deb. He is a proud father of two sons, Kevin and Brian. In his leisure time, he enjoys swimming, doing fitness activities, and spending time with his family.


    All ancillary materials are free to course adopters and available at

    Instructor guide. Includes a sample course outline for organizing lectures and chapters, additional class exercises, and individual class outlines. It also lists each chapter’s web study guide activities and highlights the activities that are supported by video.

    Test package. Contains more than 780 multiple-choice questions. The test package is available in multiple formats, including a learning management system, Respondus, or rich text.

    Chapter quizzes. Includes unique quiz questions that instructors can use to gauge student comprehension on a chapter-by-chapter basis. Compatible with learning management systems, these quizzes offer easy grading and record keeping for instructors.

    Presentation package plus image bank. Features more than 1,000 PowerPoint slides highlighting the most important concepts, illustrations, and tables from the book, along with links to accompanying video, which can be used for class discussion and presentation. Slides can be added, modified, or rearranged as needed.

    The image bank includes most of the photos, illustrations, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. These can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

    The presentation package plus image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4925-7057-8

    Instructor videos. Contains unique video content, not included in the web study guide, that instructors can use to supplement their lectures. More than 50 video clips feature expert commentary and expose students to the insights of veteran professionals in the field, and correspond with most of the 25 chapters of the text. Also included in this video library are the videos that accompany the web study guide activities.

    Web study guide. Offers learning activities to expand and test students’ understanding of principles of sport and exercise psychology. More than 20 video clips give students an opportunity to hear top sport psychologists discuss their perspectives on key concepts and provide a realistic look at how sport psychologists interact and communicate with athletes and coaches.

    The web study guide is also available for purchase separately • ISBN 978-1-4925-7058-5