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Structure & Function of the Musculoskeletal System 2nd Edition PDF

Structure & Function of the Musculoskeletal System 2nd Edition PDF

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    Written by James Watkins, an authority on functional anatomy, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition,integrates anatomy and biomechanics to describe the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. This unique reference thoroughly explores the biomechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components and the response and adaptation of these components to the physical stress imposed by everyday activities. Following a systematic approach, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System describes

    the basic composition and function of the musculoskeletal system; mechanical concepts and principles that underlie human movement; functional anatomy of the skeletal, connective tissue, articular, and neuromuscular systems; mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components; structural adaptation of musculoskeletal components; and the etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries.

     

    Also available as an e-book, the second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal Systemfeatures nearly 700 detailed, full-color illustrations showing key structures and biomechanical properties of the musculoskeletal system. Elementary biomechanical concepts are incorporated throughout the text, offering readers a more integrated understanding of how forces are created and relayed by the components of the musculoskeletal system.

     

    The second edition of Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System also includes new information on the effects of aging on muscle function as well as a new appendix with illustrations of each muscle group and tables detailing the origin, insertion, and action of individual muscles. In addition, several new case studies illustrate the response and adaptation of the musculoskeletal system to exercise at various ages and in various situations. These case studies present current research and how the findings can be put to practical use in physical activity, competitive sport, rehabilitation, and activities of daily living.

     

    Students new to anatomy or biomechanics will benefit from the book's reader-friendly structure featuring applied examples, summaries, review questions, references, an extensive subject index, and a glossary that runs parallel to the text. Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter identify the key topics, and interesting facts and key points are set off within highlight boxes throughout the text. Highlighted introductory figures assist readers in understanding content as they refer to a sequence of subsequent figures while reading the text. Plus, nearly all the images from the text are included in an image bank that is free to instructors who adopt the text.

     

    Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System, Second Edition,offers readers a clear conception of how the components of the musculoskeletal system coordinate to produce movement and continuously adapt their structure to the strain of everyday physical activity as well as the effects of aging. Illustrated with full-color detail, this unique resource will assist both future and current professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by enhancing their understanding of the relationship between the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system.

    Table of Contents

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

     

    Part I. Functional Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System

     

    Chapter 1.The musculoskeletal system

    Unicellular and multicellular organisms

    Cellular organization in multicellular organisms

    Composition and Function of the Musculoskeletal System Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 2.The Skeleton

    Terminology

    Axial skeleton

    Appendicular skeleton

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 3.Connective tissues

    Functions of connective tissues

    Ordinary connective tissues

    Cartilage

    Bone

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 4.The articular system

    Structural classification of joints

    Joint movements

    Stability-flexibility classification of joints

    Synovial joint classification

    Flexibility, stability, and laxity in synovial joints

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 5.Joints of the axial skeleton

    Joints between the vertebrae

    Degeneration and damage in the vertebral column

    Normal shape of the vertebral column

    Abnormal curvature of the vertebral column

    Joints of the pelvis

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 6.Joints of the appendicular skeleton

    Joints and joint complexes

    Shoulder complex

    Elbow complex

    Wrist complex

    Hip joint

    Knee complex

    Rearfoot complex

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 7.The neuromuscular system

    nervous system

    Skeletal muscle structure

    Muscle fiber structure and function

    Kinesthetic sense and proprioception

    Mechanical characteristics of musculotendinous units

    Muscle architecture and function

    Stretch-shorten cycle

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Part II. Musculoskeletal response and adaptation to loading

     

    Chapter 8.Elementary biomechanics

    Mechanics and biomechanics

    Center of gravity

    Stability

    Center of pressure

    Vector and scalar quantities

    Moment of a force

    Levers

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 9. Forces in muscles and joints

    Selective recruitment of motor units to match functional requirements

    Forces acting on the head in upright postures

    moment of external forces versus the magnitude of internal forces

    Forces about the hip joint in One-leg stance

    Effect of squat and stoop postures on forces in the lumbar region

    Swing and stabilization components of muscle force

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 10.Mechanical characteristics of musculoskeletal components

    Stress - strain relationships in solids

    Work, Strain Energy, and Kinetic Energy

    Viscosity and viscoelasticity

    Active and passive loading

    Impact and Shock

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 11.Structural adaptation of the musculoskeletal system

    Adaptation

    Biopositive and bionegative effects of loading

    Response and adaptation of musculoskeletal components to loading

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Chapter 12.Etiology of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries

    Kinetic chain

    Compensatory movements

    Risk factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders

    Summary

    Review questions

     

    Appendix

    References

    Index

    About the Author

    Author

    James Watkins, PhD, is a professor of biomechanics in the School of Human Sciences and director of the Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre at the Swansea University in Wales. Watkins spent over 20 years in Glasgow, Scotland, as a lecturer and researcher, and he served as the head of the department of physical education, sport and outdoor education at Jordanhill College and later at the University of Strathclyde, both in Glasgow.

     

    Watkins’ main teaching and research specializations are musculoskeletal anatomy and the biomechanics of sport and exercise. He has authored over 80 publications, including three well-known textbooks (An Introduction to the Mechanics of Human Movement, 1983; this text, Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System; and An Introduction to Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise, 2007).

     

    Watkins is a fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), a fellow of the Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom (PEAUK), and an honorary member of the Association for Physical Education (afPE). He is an advisory board member of the Journal of Sports Sciences and a former chair of the Biomechanics Section of BASES.

     

    In 1975 Watkins received his PhD in biomechanics from the University of Leeds in England. He resides in Swansea, where he enjoys walking, playing golf, and reading about the history of science.

     

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are FREE to course adopters and can be found at www.HumanKinetics.com/StructureandFunctionoftheMusculoskeletalSystem.

    Image bank. Features most of the nearly 700 illustrations from the text, sorted by chapter. The images can be used for developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements. A blank PowerPoint template is also provided, along with easy-to-follow instructions for quickly creating a presentation.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-0-7360-8385-0