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ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook 2nd Edition PDF

ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook 2nd Edition PDF

$54.00 USD


Product Format

    Encouraging and maintaining a healthy workforce have become key components in the challege to reduce health care expenditures and health-related productivity losses. As companies more fully realize the impact of healthy workers on the financial health of their organization, health promotion professionals seek support to design and implement interventions that generate improvements in workers' health and business performance.

    The second edition of ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook: A Guide to Building Healthy and Productive Companies connects worksite health research and practice to offer health promotion professionals the information, ideas, and approaches to provide affordable, scalable, and sustainable solutions for the organizations they serve.

    Thoroughly updated with the latest research and expanded to better support the business case for worksite programs, the second edition of ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook includes the contributions of nearly 100 of the top researchers and practitioners in the field from Canada, Europe, and the United States. The book's mix of research, evidence, and practice makes it a definitive and comprehensive resource on worksite health promotion, productivity management, disease prevention, and chronic disease management.

    ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook, Second Edition, has the following features:

    -An overview of contextual issues, including a history of the field, the current state of the field, legal perspectives, and the role of health policy in worksite programs

    -A review of the effectiveness of strategies in worksite settings, including economic impact, best practices, and the health–productivity relationship

    -Information on assessment, measurement, and evaluation, including health and productivity assessment tools, the economic returns of health improvement programs, and appropriate use of claims-based analysis and planning

    -A thorough discussion of program design and implementation, including the application of behavior change theory, new ways of using data to engage participants, use of technology and social networks to improve effectiveness, and key features of best-practice programs

    -An examination of various strategies for encouraging employee involvement, such as incorporating online communities and e-health, providing incentives, using medical self-care programs, making changes to the built environment, and tying in wellness with health and safety

    The book includes a chapter that covers the implementation process step by step so that you can see how all of the components fit together in the creation of a complete program. You'll also find four in-depth case studies that offer innovative perspectives on implementing programs in a variety of work settings. Each case study includes a profile of the company, a description of the program and the program goals, information on the population being served, the results of the program, and a summary or discussion of the program. Throughout the book you'll find practical ideas, approaches, and solutions for implementation as well as examples of best practices and successful programs that will support your efforts in creating interventions that improve both workers' health and business performance.

    The book is endorsed by the International Association for Worksite Health Promotion, a new ACSM affiliate society.

    Deepen your understanding of the key issues and challenges within worksite health promotion and find the most current research and practice-based information and approaches inside ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook: A Guide to Building Healthy and Productive Companies, Second Edition.

    The e-book for ACSM's Worksite Health Handbook, Second Edition, is available at a reduced price. It allows you to highlight, take notes, and easily use all the material in the book in seconds. The e-book is delivered through Adobe Digital Editions® and when purchased through the Human Kinetics site, access to the content is immediately granted when your order is received.

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    Part I: Setting the Context

    Chapter 1: Population Health Management at the Worksite
    Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, FACSM
    A Look at the Past
    Managing the Health of Defined Populations
    The Population Health Management Framework
    What Works?
    A Glimpse of the Future

    Chapter 2: Employee Health Promotion: A Historical Perspective
    R. William Whitmer, MBA
    Worksite Wellness—1975 to 1985
    Employee Health Promotion—1986 to 1995
    Employee Health Management—1996 to the Present
    Former and Current Providers

    Chapter 3: Workplace-Based Health and Wellness Services
    Raymond J. Fabius, MD, CPE, FACPE, and Sharon Glave Frazee, PhD
    Brief History of Workplace Health Centers
    From Occupational Health to Population Health
    How Worksite Health Promotion Fits In
    Workplace Health as a Point of Integration
    The Value of Workplace Health
    What Does the Future Offer?

    Chapter 4: State of the Worksite Health Promotion Industry: The 2004 National Worksite Health Promotion Survey
    Laura A. Linnan, ScD, CHES
    Monitoring Worksite Health Promotion Objectives—National Surveys (1985, 1992, 1999)
    2004 National Worksite Health Promotion Survey
    Survey Sample and Key Measures
    Data Collection Procedures and Analysis Plan
    Implications for Practice
    Implications for Research

    Chapter 5: Health Promotion Programming in Small, Medium, and Large Businesses
    Heather M. Bowen, MS, RD, LD; Todd D. Smith, MS, CSP, ARM; Mark G. Wilson, HSD; and David M. Dejoy, PhD
    Characteristics of Small Versus Large Employers
    Availability of Health Promotion Activities and Services
    Access to Health Promotion Activities and Services
    Quality of Health Promotion Activities and Services
    The Small-Business Conundrum
    Strategies for Expanding Health Promotion in Small Businesses

    Chapter 6: Employee Health Promotion: A Legal Perspective
    Alison Cline Earles, Esq., and LuAnn Heinen, MPP
    Summary of Relevant U.S. Laws and Their Effects on Health Promotion Programs
    HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules and Health Promotion Programs
    HIPAA Nondiscrimination Rules and Incentive-Based Health Promotion Programs
    Americans With Disabilities Act
    State Lifestyle Discrimination Laws
    Tax Laws

    Chapter 7: Health Care Policy and Health Promotion
    John M. Clymer, AB; Garry M. Lindsay, MPH, CHES; Jennifer M. Childress, MS, CHES; and George J. Pfeiffer, MSE, FAWHP
    What Is Policy?
    Types of Policy
    Policy and Outcomes
    Common Health-Related Policies and Application to Health Promotion Professionals
    Policy as a Cultural Catalyst
    Noncompliance With Policy
    Planning and Implementing Health Policy

    Chapter 8: The Case for Change: From Segregated to Integrated Employee Health Management
    Ann L. Yaktine, PhD, and Mike D. Parkinson, MD, MPH, FACPM
    Identifying the Problem
    Raising the Bar
    Revisioning the Role of Health Benefits
    Determining the Health of the Workforce
    Implementing an Integrated Program

    Part II: The Evidence for Employer-Sponsored Health Programs

    Chapter 9: An Introduction to Evidence on Worksite Health Promotion
    Jonathan E. Fielding, MD, MPH, MBA, and David P. Hopkins, MD, MPH
    Evidence-Based Worksite Health Promotion
    Sources of Evidence on Effectiveness for Worksite Health Promotion
    Scientific Studies and Evidence-Based Decision Making
    Systematic Reviews in Support of Evidence-Based Decision Making
    Insufficient Evidence
    Specific Issues Regarding Worksite Health Promotion Literature
    Additional Considerations on Evidence Regarding Worksite Health Promotion

    Chapter 10: The Assessment of Health Risks With Feedback: Results of a Systematic Review
    Robin E. Soler, PhD; Matt Griffith, MPH; David P. Hopkins, MD, MPH; and Kimberly D. Leeks, PhD, MPH
    The AHRF Intervention
    Evaluation of Effectiveness Across the Qualifying Body of Evidence
    Results: Intervention Effectiveness
    Potential Adverse Effects and Barriers to Implementation of AHRF Plus
    Methodological Challenges of the Review

    Chapter 11: Practice and Research Connected: A Synergistic Process of Translation Through Knowledge Transfer
    Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, FACSM
    Translation as a Knowledge Transfer
    Practice and Research Connected
    The Practice and Research Connected Model
    Tools to Generate, Transfer, and Apply Knowledge

    Chapter 12: Benchmarking and Best Practices in Worksite Health Promotion
    Jessica Grossmeier, MPH; LaVaughn Palma-Davis, MA; K. Andrew Crighton, MD, CPE; Margaret Sabin, MHSA; and David R. Anderson, PhD
    Best Practices
    Application of Benchmarking Approaches
    HERO Employee Health Management Best Practice Scorecard

    Chapter 13: Health and the Organization of Work
    David Gimeno, PhD, and Benjamin C. Amick III, PhD
    Contextual Levels Shaping the Organization of Work
    Toward a Multilevel Perspective on Work Organization
    The Health Effects of the Organization of Work: What Do We Know?
    Methodological Issues to Consider in Moving Forward
    Interventions on the Organization of Work With Health Outcomes: What Can We Learn?

    Chapter 14: Health and Productivity Management: An Overview
    Joseph A. Leutzinger, PhD
    What Is Health and Productivity Management?
    Health-Related Productivity
    HPM Model
    What Makes HPM Unique?
    Implementation of the HPM Model
    Trends in HPM

    Part III: Assessing Worker and Organizational Health

    Chapter 15: Practical Program Evaluation: Ensuring Findings Are Used for Program Improvement
    Thomas J. Chapel, MA, MBA, and Jason E. Lang, MPH, MS
    CDC's Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health
    Applying the Framework Steps

    Chapter 16: The Assessment of Health and Risk: Tools, Specific Uses, and Implementation Processes
    Edward M. Framer, PhD, and Yosuke Chikamoto, PhD
    Assessment of Health Risk and Health Status
    Implementing Population Health Measurement Systems
    Detailed Review
    Health Assessment Program Participation Eligibility Determination
    Health Assessment Program Delivery Methods
    Biometric Screenings
    Data Handling
    Implementation Monitoring

    Chapter 17: Organizational Assessment for Health
    Thomas Golaszewski, EdD
    Best-Practice Guidelines and Award Mechanisms in Worksite Health Promotion
    Organizational Assessment Tools
    Future Recommendations

    Chapter 18: Assessment Tools for Employee Productivity
    Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, FACSM
    Research Reviews on Health-Related Productivity Instruments
    Compilation of Individual Health-Related Productivity Instruments
    Psychometric Properties
    Practical Application

    Chapter 19: Calculating the Economic Return of Health and Productivity Management Programs
    Seth Serxner, PhD, MPH, and Daniel B. Gold, PhD
    Measurement and Evaluation Activities
    General Discussion

    Chapter 20: Using Claims Analysis to Support Intervention Planning, Design, and Measurement
    David H. Chenoweth, PhD, and Jeff A. Hochberg, MS
    Do It Yourself or Hire It Done
    Requesting Appropriate Data
    Defining the Types of Data to Consider
    Making Sense of Medical Claims

    Part IV: Program Design and Implementation

    Chapter 21: Organizing Intelligence to Achieve Increased Consumer Engagement, Behavior Change, and Health Improvement
    Stephanie Pronk, MEd
    Creating a Multidimensional View of the Consumer
    Segmentation, Identification, and Stratification
    Outreach and Engagement Techniques
    Integrated Tracking and Reporting Using a Closed-Loop System

    Chapter 22: The Application of Behavior Change Theory in the Worksite Setting
    Karen Glanz, PhD, MPH
    The Importance of Understanding Influences on Health Behavior
    What Is Theory?
    Explanatory and Change Theories
    Important Theories and Their Key Constructs
    Social Cognitive Theory
    Constructs and Issues Across Theories
    Implications and Opportunities

    Chapter 23: Keeping Healthy Workers Healthy: Creating a Culture of Health
    Shirley Musich, PhD; Howard Schubiner, MD; and Timothy J. McDonald, MHSA
    Organizational Practices and Policies
    Corporate Environment
    Health Management Programming
    Medical Services
    Measuring the Value of Low-Risk Maintenance

    Chapter 24: Connecting the Program to Core Business Objectives
    Steven P. Noeldner, PhD
    How Business Executives Think
    Business Objectives
    People Produce Profit
    Health Insurance for Employees
    Health Care Costs Directly Relate to Employee Health Status
    Health and Productivity
    Total Health Management
    Return on Investment
    Value of Investment
    Fully Insured Versus Self-Funded Health Care
    Building a Business Case
    Connecting the Health Management Program to Core Business Objectives

    Chapter 25: Addressing Diversity and Health Literacy at the Worksite
    Antronette K. (Toni) Yancey, MD, MPH; A. Janet Tomiyama, MA; and Nicole R. Keith, PhD
    Health Literacy
    Health Disparities
    Addressing Underserved Populations in Workplace Health Promotion: Obesity Prevention and Control

    Chapter 26: A Culture of Health: Creating and Sustaining Supportive Organizational Environments for Health
    Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, FACSM, and Calvin U. Allen, MBA, CHIE
    A Culture of Health Defined
    Culture of Health Components
    Shaping a Culture of Health
    Putting the Pieces Together

    Chapter 27: Online Communities and Worksite Health Management
    Neal S. Sofian, MSPH, and Daniel Newton, PhD
    What is an Online Community?
    The Expansion of Collaborative Technologies: MySpace for Health
    Not All Information Is Equal
    What Are MoMs and How Do MoMs Happen?
    Online Communities and Storytelling
    Creating Purposeful Social Networks
    So What Does All This Mean for Worksite Health Management?

    Chapter 28: Rewarding Change: Principles for Implementing Worksite Incentive Programs
    Jeffrey J. VanWormer, MS, and Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, FACSM
    Core Principles
    Incentives in Context: Smoking and Diet
    Enhancing the Value of Incentives Through Communication
    Application to Benefits Design

    Chapter 29: eHealth for Employee Health and Wellness: Optimizing Plan Design and Incentive Management
    David K. Ahern, PhD; Lauren Buckel; Edward W. Aberger, PhD; and Michael J. Follick, PhD
    Growth of eHealth
    eHealth Programs to Optimize Plan Design

    Chapter 30: Effective Programs to Promote Worker Health Within Healthy and Safe Worksites
    Glorian Sorensen, PhD, MPH, and Lisa Quintiliani, PhD
    The Evidence on Worksite Health Promotion
    The OSH Approach
    Rationale for Integrating WHP and OSH Programs
    Evidence for the Effectiveness of Integrated OSH and WHP Programs
    Characteristics of Best-Practice Programs
    Program Planning and Design
    Implementation of Integrated Programs
    Organizational Support

    Chapter 31: Programs Designed to Improve Employee Health Through Changes in the Built Environment
    Mireille N.M. van Poppel, PhD, and Luuk H. Engbers, PhD, PT
    Environmental Interventions in Worksite Health Promotion
    Theories and Models
    Environmental Interventions for Improving Physical Activity at Work
    Environmental Interventions for Improving Dietary Habits at Work

    Chapter 32: The Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of Medical Self-Care Programs
    Don R. Powell, PhD, and Jeanette D. Karwan, RD
    The Need for Medical Self-Care
    Major Determinants of Medical Self-Care Utilization
    Goals and Benefits of Medical Self-Care
    Components of a Medical Self-Care Program
    Legal Implications of Medical Self-Care
    Employee Skepticism of Medical Self-Care
    Evaluating a Medical Self-Care Program

    Chapter 33: Disease Management for Employed Populations
    Dennis E. Richling, MD
    Complex Origins: The Development of Disease Management
    The Opportunity for Disease Management
    Employers and Disease Management
    Disease Management Fundamentals
    The Future of Disease Management

    Chapter 34: From the Basics to Comprehensive Programming
    Mary M. Kruse, MS, ATC
    Before You Start
    The Role of a Consultant
    Building the Infrastructure
    Program Design and Integration
    Pulling It All Together
    Building a Sustainable Program

    Part V: Case Studies

    Chapter 35: The Occupational Athlete: Injury Reduction and Productivity Enhancement in Reforestation Workers
    Delia Roberts, PhD, FACSM
    Company Description
    Program Aims
    Program Scalability and Sustainability

    Chapter 36: Employee Health at BAE Systems: An Employer–Health Plan Partnership Approach
    N. Marcus Thygeson, MD; Jason M. Gallagher, MBA; Kathleen K. Cross, CANP; and Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, FACSM
    Company and Partnership Description
    Program Goals and Objectives
    Program Implementation and Interventions
    Outcomes and Results
    Direct Medical Costs
    Workplace Productivity

    Chapter 37: Health Promotion, Participation, and Productivity: A Case Study at Unilever PLC
    Peter Mills, MD, and Jessica Colling, BSC, MSC
    Company Description
    Program Aims
    Population Intervention Group
    Control Group
    Approach to Implementation
    Program Launch
    Control Group Engagement
    Results and Effects
    Baseline Data
    Program Usage
    Outcome Measures
    The Next Steps
    Going Global

    Chapter 38: Introducing Environmental Interventions at the Dow Chemical Company to Reduce Overweight and Obesity Among Workers
    Ron Z. Goetzel, PhD; Jennie D. Bowen, MPH; Ronald J. Ozminkowski, PhD; Cheryl A. Kassed PhD, MSPH; Enid Chung Roemer, PhD; Maryam J. Tabrizi, MS, CHES; Meghan E. Short, BA; Shaohung Wang, PhD; Xiaofei Pei, PhD; Heather M. Bowen, MS, RD, LD; David M. Dejoy, PhD; Mark G. Wilson, HSD; Kristin M. Baker, MPH; Karen J. Tully, BS; John M. White, PhD; Gary M. Billotti, MS; and Catherine M. Baase, MD
    NHLBI Research Focused on Obesity Prevention at the Worksite
    A Profile of Dow
    Establishing a Business Case for Health Improvement at Dow
    Study Design
    Availability of Historical Archival Data From Dow
    Assessing the Physical and Social Environment at Dow
    Gathering Qualitative Data From Dow Employees


    Nicolaas P. Pronk, PhD, is the vice president of health management at HealthPartners in Bloomington, Minnesota, the largest consumer-governed, nonprofit health care organization in the nation. He is also senior research investigator at HealthPartners Research Foundation and health science officer of JourneyWell, a Minneapolis-based nationwide provider of health and wellness programs.

    Pronk has 20 years of experience in the health promotion field as a researcher, developer, and administrator of health promotion programs and services. Since 1993 he has directed health improvement initiatives that involve a systems approach to generating health across multiple sectors, including business and industry. He is a member of the distinguished Task Force on Community Preventive Services, an independent panel supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which presents evidence-based recommendations to the health field.

    A member of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) since 1984, Pronk served as section editor and contributor for the first edition of ACSM's Worksite Health Promotion Manual. He currently serves as associate editor for the ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal. He served as the chair for the ACSM Interest Group on Worksite Health Promotion until 2008, when it morphed into the International Association for Worksite Health Promotion (IAWHP), an ACSM affiliate society. Pronk is a founding member and inaugural president of the international board of directors for the IAWHP. Previously, he was a board member of the former Association for Worksite Health Promotion (AWHP).

    Pronk and his wife, Stephanie, reside in Eagan, Minnesota. He enjoys spending time with his family and dogs, watching English Football Association soccer after a Saturday-morning run, and riding his Harley on country roads in the Minnesota northland.

    About the American College of Sports Medicine

    ACSM advances and integrates scientific research to provide educational and practical applications of exercise science and sports medicine.

    The American College of Sports Medicine, founded in 1954, is a professional membership society with more than 20,000 national, regional, and international members in more than 70 countries dedicated to improving health through science, education, and medicine. ACSM members work in a wide range of medical specialties, allied health professions, and scientific disciplines. Its members are committed to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of sport-related injuries and the advancement of the science of exercise.

    Its members' diversity and expertise make ACSM the largest, most respected sports medicine and exercise science organization in the world. From astronauts and athletes to people with chronic diseases or physical challenges, ACSM continues to look for and find better methods to allow people to live longer and more productive lives. ACSM is leading the way in exercise science and sports medicine.


    “The second edition of this comprehensive handbook is a welcome addition to the field of worksite health promotion… [It] provides an excellent foundation to help guide health promotion professionals and students with an interest in worksite health promotion to craft interventions to improve workforce health and wellness; and to improve their understanding of the key issues involved in supporting and expanding worksite health and wellness programs. Highly recommended.”


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