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Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging-2nd Edition

Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging-2nd Edition

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$119.00 USD

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    Book

    With life expectancy increasing globally, older adults around the world want to live active lifestyles with improved health and higher quality of life. Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging, Second Edition, examines the effects of the aging process on the major physiological systems and identifies the positive impacts of physical activity and regular exercise for older adults, including delaying specific diseases and increasing quality of life.

    Students will be presented with foundational concepts of physiology to understand the structural and functional changes on the major physiological systems throughout the aging process. Physiological responses to acute and chronic exercise are examined, with comprehensive coverage of studies on age-related diseases and other common issues for older adults, including cardiovascular disease, cardiorespiratory fitness, type 2 diabetes, muscle metabolism and strength, osteoporosis, neurophysiology, and arthritis, plus content new to this edition that addresses mental health, pelvic floor issues and incontinence, and sexual activity.

    Programming recommendations in each chapter translate exercise science into practice, examining the benefits of exercise, contraindicated exercises, and other forms of physical activity beneficial to the aging population. Exercise considerations address the training needs of older adults in three unique groups: average aging adults, frail elderly with special needs, and masters athletes, with expanded content more reflective of today's active seniors. With an emphasis on screening and assessment, coupled with basic principles of exercise and training programs, students will learn to safely administer exercise programs that meet the needs of older adults—in any stage of aging and at various levels of physical activity—to contribute to increased health and quality of life for all.

    Chapter-opening quotes bring content to life with insights from scientists, fitness professionals, and other experts. Chapter objectives, new to this edition, help readers to understand and apply key concepts. Questions to Consider at the end of each chapter provide tools for reflection, while references direct students to additional reading and opportunities for further learning. An appendix offers easy access to assessments and forms, including a Three-Day Nutritional Assessment form and a Client Report form, preparing readers for professional use in their careers with older adult clients.

    Physiology of Exercise and Healthy Aging, Second Edition, delivers a thorough discussion of the physiological effects of aging and illustrates the power of exercise as a tool to reduce or offset the effects of aging in order to improve the quality of life enjoyed by our aging population.

    Audience

    Textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate courses related to aging, physical activity and exercise in aging, and physiology of aging; reference for exercise physiologists, gerontologists, gerokinesiologists, exercise scientists, health scientists, and movement practitioners working with older adults.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction
    Physical and Cognitive Changes With Aging
    The Process of Aging
    Aging and Homeostatic Processes
    Aging Demographics
    Theories of Aging
    Physical Activity and Aging
    Programming Recommendations
    Summary

    Part I. Physiological Systems, Age-Related Changes, and the Role of Physical Activity

    Chapter 1. Cardiopulmonary System
    Kevin Shoemaker and Patrice Brassard
    Structure and Function
    Age-Related Changes
    Cardiovascular Disease and Age
    Summary

    Chapter 2. Musculoskeletal System
    Kevin Milne, Matthew Krause, and Albert W. Taylor
    Muscle Morphology
    Age-Related Changes in Biochemical Properties
    Skeletal Muscle, Aging, and Training
    Age-Related Diseases Limiting Exercise
    Programming Recommendations
    Summary

    Chapter 3. Nervous System
    Pierre M.L. Deprez
    Overview of the Nervous System
    Age-Related Diseases
    Interventions in Age-Related Changes in the Nervous System
    Summary

    Chapter 4. Sensory Systems
    Pierre M.L. Deprez
    Hearing
    Vision
    Touch
    Smell
    Taste
    Programming Recommendations
    Summary

    Part II. Related Common Diseases and Maladies, and the Role of Physical Activity

    Chapter 5. Diet and Diabetes Management
    Sarah O’Connor and Paul Poirier
    Introduction
    Types of Diabetes
    Complications Associated With Diabetes
    Basic Nutritional Principles in the Management of Diabetes
    Prevention of Diabetes
    Diabetes and Physical Activity
    Dietary Guidelines for Diabetes
    Beneficial Dietary Patterns for Diabetes
    Dietary Considerations for Diabetes During Pregnancy
    Diabetes Management Among Older Adults
    Clinical Approaches and Practical Tools
    Summary

    Chapter 6. Bone Health, Osteoporosis, and Exercise
    Darien Lazowski-Fraher
    Bone Function and Structure
    Osteoporosis
    Nutrition for Bone Health
    Physical Activity for Bone Health
    Programming Recommendations
    Summary

    Chapter 7. Osteoarthritis, Aging, and Physical Activity
    Jane Thornton and Gilbert Moatshe
    Structure and Function of the Joints
    Osteoarthritis
    Treatment
    Programming Recommendations
    Risks and Precautions for People With OA
    Summary

    Chapter 8. Aging, the Pelvic Floor, Incontinence, and Exercise
    Linda McLean and Carolyn Vandyken
    Introduction
    Continence Control and Types of Urinary Incontinence
    Anatomy and Function of the Pelvic Floor
    Evidence for Age-Related Changes in the Pelvic Floor as They Relate to Continence Function
    Evidence-Based Strategies for the Maintenance of a Healthy Pelvic Floor With Aging
    Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Exercise Prescription
    A Final Word
    Summary

    Chapter 9. Mental Health, Aging, and Physical Activity
    Andrea Lazosky
    Prevalence of Mental Health Issues With Aging
    Pathophysiology of Depression With Aging
    Psychosocial Theories of Aging
    The Role of Physical Activity on Mental Health With Aging
    Forms of Physical Activity
    Summary

    Chapter 10. Sex, Aging, and Physical Activity
    Lee Smith and Igor Grabovac
    Prevalence of Sexual Activity in Aging
    Biopsychosocial Model of Changes Related to Sexuality in Later Life
    Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunction in Older Adults
    Physical and Mental Health Benefits of a Frequent and Trouble-Free Sex Life in Later Life
    The Role of Physical Activity on Sexuality in Older Adults
    Summary

    Part III. Physiologic Adaptability to Training and Physical Activity

    Chapter 11. Balance Control and Prevention of Falls in Older Adults
    Grant Handrigan
    The Biomechanics of Balance Control
    Fall Risk Factors
    Fall Risk Prevention
    Summary

    Chapter 12. A Functional Approach to Exercise
    Denise M. Connelly
    Principles of Exercise
    Exercise and Cognitive Impairment
    Exercise Prescription
    Exercise Programming
    Programming Recommendations
    Summary

    Chapter 13. Training for Aerobic and Anaerobic Fitness
    Edward Todd Taylor and Tom Overend
    Brief Review of Exercise Physiology
    Benefits of Aerobic and Anaerobic Fitness
    Research on the Positive Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Training
    Research on the Positive Effects of Anaerobic Exercise and Training
    Programming Recommendations
    Recommendations for “Frail” Elderly
    Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise Integration
    Summary

    Chapter 14. Training for Muscle Performance for Older Adults
    Michelle Cardoso and Chantale R. Brun
    Muscle Performance and Aging
    Muscle Mass, Strength, and Function
    Summary

    Chapter 15. Exercise Adherence and Safety Measures
    James Sawchuk and Albert W. Taylor
    Exercise Adherence
    Safety
    Programming Recommendations
    Summary

    Chapter 16. Clean Sport for Masters Athletes
    Taryn-Lise Taylor and Sean Mindra
    Masters Athletes
    Hormones
    Anabolic Steroids
    Analgesics and Anti-Inflammatories
    Hypertension Medications
    Erythropoietin
    Dietary Supplementation and Ergogenic Aid
    Summary

    Appendix A: Web Resources
    Appendix B: Forms

    About the Editor

    Albert W. Taylor, PhD, DSc, retired from the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada, where he taught courses on healthy aging and the physiology of aging. During his career, Taylor has published more than 400 research and professional articles and made over 500 presentations in more than 100 countries.

    In recognition of his research, Taylor has received honorary doctorates from Université de Sherbrooke (Canada), London Institute for Applied Research (England), Semmelweis University (Hungary), and the Ukrainian State University of Physical Education and Sport (Ukraine). He also has been inducted into 10 halls of fame in recognition for his contributions to sport and science.

    Taylor is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and has served as the president of both the Science and Sports Medicine Council of Canada and the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology.

    Taylor received his PhD from Washington State University in 1967. He received the Honor Award from the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, a Certificate of Recognition for Contribution to Sport from the government of Ontario, and the International Wrestling Federation Pin of Merit.

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are free to adopting instructors through HKPropel.   

    Instructor guide. Includes a sample course outline and syllabus, chapter outlines and summaries, and answers to end-of-chapter review questions and case studies.

    Test package. Contains 20 to 25 questions per chapter in true-false, fill-in-the-blank, essay and short-answer, and multiple-choice formats. The files may be downloaded for integration with a learning management system or printed as paper-based tests. Instructors may also create their own customized quizzes or tests from the test bank questions to assign to students directly through HKPropel. Those assessments are automatically graded, and instructors can review student scores in the platform.

    Image bank. Includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. These can be used in developing a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.

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