ACSM's Body Composition Assessment epub With Web Resource
EbookIn partnership with the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), pioneer body composition experts Timothy G. Lohman and Laurie A. Milliken, along with a team of highly regarded contributors, have compiled a practical guide to performing body composition assessments. With an easy-to-follow format and straightforward writing, ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment provides readers foundational information and scientific research with applications in the fields of medicine, exercise science, nutrition, growth and development, and geriatrics.
ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment delves into the methodology for a number of techniques, including DXA, BIA, ultrasound, underwater weighing, ADP, total body water, multicomponent models, anthropometry (including skinfolds and circumferences), and BMI. The text uncovers the sources of error inherent in each measurement technique, and it identifies populations to whom these techniques can be applied with accuracy. Researchers and clinicians alike will benefit from descriptions of methods for use in both laboratory and field settings, protocols for the standardization of each method, and advantages and limitations for each method.
The text thoroughly examines the health implications of body composition by looking at the relationships between chronic disease and total body fat, fat distribution, muscle mass, and bone density. It also facilitates the reader’s ability to assess changes in body composition over time and to understand special considerations in assessing body composition in athletes, children, older adults, the overweight population, and clinical populations.
ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment is supplemented with a web resource containing audio-narrated PowerPoint slides to support a deep understanding of the content. The slides walk readers through key points and assessments in each chapter, and select photos and tables from the book are included to facilitate learning and retention.
ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment will help alleviate errors in body composition assessment, making it an ideal reference for practicing fitness, health, and medical professionals; nutrition specialists; and exercise physiologists.
CE exam available! For certified professionals, a companion continuing education exam can be completed after reading this book. ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment Online CE Exam may be purchased separately or as part of the ACSM’s Body Composition Assessment With CE Exam package, which includes both the book and the exam.
AudienceApplied reference book for fitness, health, and medical professionals; nutrition specialists; and exercise physiologists; text for higher education courses in body composition.
Table of ContentsChapter 1. Introduction to Body Composition and Assessment
Timothy G. Lohman, PhD; Laurie A. Milliken, PhD, FACSM; and Luis B. Sardinha, PhD
Errors in Body Composition Measurement and Assessment
Validation and Cross-Validation Studies
Body Composition Terms and Concepts
Chapter 2. Body Composition Models and Reference Methods
Jennifer W. Bea, PhD; Kirk Cureton, PhD, FACSM; Vinson Lee, MS; and Laurie A. Milliken, PhD, FACSM
Levels of Human Body Composition
Models of Human Body Composition
Total Body Potassium Counting and Neutron Activation Analysis
Chapter 3. Body Composition Laboratory Methods
Robert M. Blew, MS; Luis B. Sardinha, PhD; and Laurie A. Milliken, PhD, FACSM
Total Body Water
Total Body Potassium Counting
Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry
Chapter 4. Body Composition Field Methods
Leslie Jerome Brandon, PhD, FACSM; Laurie A. Milliken, PhD, FACSM; Robert M. Blew, MS; and Timothy G. Lohman, PhD
Bioelectric Impedance Analysis
Use of Weight and Height Indexes to Estimate Body Composition
Chapter 5. Assessing Measurement Error
Vinson Lee, MS; Leslie Jerome Brandon, PhD, FACSM; and Timothy G. Lohman, PhD
Types of Measurement Error
Intra- and Interobserver TEM/CV of Various Body Composition Measurement Methods
Reducing Error Associated With Field Methods
Chapter 6. Estimation of Minimum Weight
Timothy G. Lohman, PhD; and Kirk Cureton, PhD, FACSM
Estimating Minimum Weight in Wrestlers
Laboratory Methods for Estimating Minimum Weight
Field Methods for Estimating Minimum Weight
Chapter 7. Applying Body Composition Methods to Specific Populations
Jennifer W. Bea, PhD; Timothy G. Lohman, PhD; and Laurie A. Milliken, PhD, FACSM
Chapter 8. Body Composition Applications
Vanessa Risoul-Salas, MSc, RD; Alba Reguant-Closa, MS, RD; Luis B. Sardinha, PhD; Margaret Harris, PhD; Timothy G. Lohman, PhD; Nuwanee Kirihennedige, MS, RD; and Nanna Lucia Meyer, PhD, FACSM
Competitive Sports and Exercise Training
Body Composition and Eating Disorders
Body Composition and Weight Loss
Body Composition, Chronic Disease, and Aging
About the EditorThe American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), founded in 1954, is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organization in the world. With more than 50,000 members and certified professionals worldwide, ACSM is dedicated to improving health through science, education, and medicine. ACSM members work in a range of medical specialties, allied health professions, and scientific disciplines. Members are committed to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of sport-related injuries and the advancement of the science of exercise. The ACSM promotes and integrates scientific research, education, and practical applications of sports medicine and exercise science to maintain and enhance physical performance, fitness, health, and quality of life.
Timothy G. Lohman, PhD, is a professor emeritus at the University of Arizona and is widely considered a leading scientist in the field of body composition assessment. His research includes serving as principal investigator (PI) of both the TAAG (Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls) study—a collaborative multicenter study focused on physical activity of adolescent girls—and the Bone Estrogen Strength Training (BEST) study. He was co-PI of the Pathways Study, a collaborative study (by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; four field centers; and a coordinating center) designed to prevent obesity in Native American children. Lohman served as a consultant to the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) Vanguard Center and Health ABC study of long-term aging, and he was an advisor on youth fitness for the Cooper Institute. He previously served as the director of the Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition at the University of Arizona. He is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine.
Lohman’s additional works, published by Human Kinetics, include his co-edited Human Body Composition, Second Edition; his authored monograph, “Advances in Body Composition Assessment”; and his co-edited Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual. His research in body composition helped to establish the chemical immaturity of children using the multicomponent model.
Laurie A. Milliken, PhD, FACSM, is an associate professor and former chair of the exercise and health sciences department at the University of Massachusetts at Boston. In the New England chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (NEACSM), she has served as a state representative, an executive committee member, the Continuing Education Committee chair, and president, and she has been an active member since 1998. Nationally, she has served on the ACSM Research Awards Committee and is also an editorial board member of ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal. She is currently a peer reviewer for leading scientific journals such as Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, the Journal of Applied Physiology, and the European Journal of Applied Physiology. She has been a member of ACSM since 1994 and has presented her research at many annual meetings. Her research interests include the regulation of body composition in response to exercise throughout the lifespan. She has received NIH funding for her work and is also a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine.
Reviews"This is the only current, comprehensive review of body composition that has been published in nearly 15 years."
—© Doody’s Review Service, 2020, Anthony Ewald, MD, Indiana University School of Medicine (5-star review)
ExcerptsSpecific skinfold techniques for the triceps
Types of measurement errors
Using the dilution principle for total body water (TBW)
AncillariesAll ancillaries are free to adopting instructors and available online.
Image bank. Includes most of the figures, content photos, and tables from the text, sorted by chapter. These can be used to develop a customized presentation based on specific course requirements.
Web resource. Features audio-narrated PowerPoint slides to help the reader better comprehend the material. The slides walk readers through key points and assessments in each chapter, and select photos and tables from the book are included to facilitate learning and retention.
The web resource is also available for purchase separately • ISBN 978-1-4925-8912-9